নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলৱে

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
ইউনেস্কো বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্যবাহী স্থান
ভাৰতৰ পাৰ্বত্য ৰেল
বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্যবাহী স্থানত তালিকাভুক্ত হিচাপে নাম
A journey by the NMR provides spectacular views of the Nilgiri Hills
দেশ ভাৰত
ধৰণ সাংস্কৃতিক
মাপকাঠি ii, iv
উদ্ধৃতি ৯৪৪
ইউনেস্কোৰ দ্বাৰা শ্ৰেণীবদ্ধ অঞ্চল এছিয়া-পেচিফিক
অভিলিখনৰ ইতিহাস
অভিলিখন ১৯৯৯ (২৩তম অধিবেশন)
বিস্তাৰসমূহ ২০০৫; ২০০৮

নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলৱে ১৯০৮ চনতে বৃটিছ চৰকাৰে প্ৰতিষ্ঠা কৰা ভাৰতৰ তামিলনাডু ৰাজ্যৰ এক মিটাৰগজ ৰেলসেৱা।[1] আৰম্ভণিতে মাদ্ৰাজ ৰেলৱেই এই ৰেলসেৱা পৰিচালনা কৰিছিল। এতিয়াও ইয়াত ভাপ ইঞ্জিনে সেৱা আগবঢ়াই আছে।[2] নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলৱে বৰ্তমান দক্ষিণ ৰেলৱে জ'নৰ নব-গঠিত চালেম ডিভিজনৰ অন্তৰ্গত। ২০০৫ চনত ইউনেস্কোই এই ৰেলৱেক বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্যবাহী স্থানৰ মৰ্য্যদা দিয়ে আৰু ১৯৯৯ চনত বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্যবাহী স্থানৰ মৰ্য্যদা পোৱা দাৰ্জিলিং হিমালয়ান ৰেলৱেৰ সৈতে একেলগে ভাৰতৰ পাৰ্বত্য ৰেল নামৰ এটা নতুন শ্ৰেণীত অন্তৰ্ভূক্ত কৰে।"[3] 'দিল চে' নামৰ হিন্দী ছবিৰ চাহৰুখ খানে অভিনয় কৰা বিখ্যাত 'চেইয়া চেইয়া' গীতটো নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলত চিত্ৰায়ন কৰিছিল।

Operation[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

ৰেলৰ চিৰি দুডালৰ মাজত ৰেক দেখা গৈছে

নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলৱে ১ মিটাৰ বহল এটা মিটাৰগজ ৰেলপথ। মেট্টুপালায়াম আৰু কুনুৰ ষ্টেচনৰ মাজৰ পথচোৱাত ওপৰলৈ বগাবলৈ Abt ৰেক আৰু পিনিয়ন পদ্ধতি ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হৈছে। নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেলৰ এই ৰেক আৰু পিনিয়ন অংশত 'এক্স' শ্ৰেণীৰ ভাপ ৰেক ইঞ্জিন ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। These steam locomotives can be used on any part of the line (either with or without the rack section),but the newer diesel locomotives can operate on the entire section, between Mettupalayam and Udagamandalam.This signals the beginning of the process to phase out the coal-fired vintage Swiss engines that took scores of passengers on the rack and pinion track to Coonoor and Udhagamandalam, covering 41.8 km, 108 curves, 16 tunnels and 250 bridges

ৰেক আৰু পিনিয়নৰ কাৰ্য-প্ৰণালী

Hence, the Southern Railway decided to replace the coal-fired locomotives. The work was entrusted to Golden Rock Workshop of Southern Railway at Tiruchirapalli. Each of the new engines weighs a little over 50 tonnes and cost Rs.10 crore.

The new engine has been provided with pilot and primary burners with separate tanks to hold about 850 litres of diesel and 2,250 litres of furnace oil. The hauling capacity of this new engine is 97.6 tonnes and it can run at a speed of 30 km an hour in plains and at 15 km an hour on a gradient.

Officials hoped to put the engine to use by Sunday on the Mettuppalayam–Coonoor section. The arrival of the new engines raises hopes of eliminating the disruption in service that occurred frequently over the last two years.

For long, the X Class locomotives manufactured by Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works of Winterthur in Switzerland lent that distinct charm to NMR. These locomotives are six to eight decades old, railway officials said

The steam locomotives are always marshalled at the downhill (Mettupalayam) end of the train. The average gradient in this rack section is 1 in 24.5 (4.08%), with a maximum of 1 in 12 (8.33%).

Mettupalayam-Ooty Mountain Train Hauled By Diesel Locomotive Approaching Wellington Station
YDM4 ইঞ্জিনে টানি নিয়া এখন নীলগিৰি পাৰ্বত্য ৰেল

Between Coonoor and Udagamandalam the train is operated by a YDM4 diesel locomotive using conventional rail adhesion principles. On this section the locomotive is always at the Coonoor end of the train as although the line is not steep enough to need a rack rail, the ruling gradient out of Coonoor is still very steep at 1 in 25 (4%).

চিত্ৰ:Nilgiri Steam Locomotive.jpg
ভাপ ইঞ্জিন

As of 2007, there is one train a day over the rack section, which starts from Mettupalayam at 07:10 and reaches Ooty at noon. The return train starts from Ooty at 15:00, and reaches Mettupalayam at 18:35. The train is scheduled to connect to the Nilgiri Express, which travels from Mettupalayam to Chennai via Coimbatore. A summer special service is also run during the months of April and May, starting from Mettupalayam at 09:30 and from Ooty at 12:15. Between Coonoor and Udagamandalam, there are four daily trains each way.

বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্য ক্ষেত্ৰৰ মৰ্যদা ৰাখিবলৈ নীলগিৰি ৰেলত এতিয়াও পুৰণি পদ্ধতিৰ টিকেট প্ৰচলন হৈ আছে

Even though the NMR stations have networked computerised ticketing systems for onward journeys, it still issues Edmondson style manual tickets for the Ooty-Mettupalayam journey to preserve the 'World Heritage Site' status of the railway. However, ticket booking is similar to other conventional trains and can also be done via the Indian Railways' website.[4] It is advisable to book tickets for this railway in advance, especially during peak season.

The majority of repairs to the locomotives are carried out at the Coonoor shed but many of the steam locomotives have been rebuilt at the Golden Rock Workshops. Carriages are repaired at Mettupalayam but, like the locomotives, are taken to one of the big railway workshops for major work. Due to its popularity, a number of passengers using the NMR have requested that the Southern Railways convert the section from Coonoor to Udagamandalam to steam locomotive[উদ্ধৃতিৰ প্ৰয়োজন], extending the present steam traction between Mettupalayam and Coonoor.

ৰেলপথ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

পুণঃনিৰ্দেশ Template:Rail-header2

সাঁচ:BS-alt
০ কিঃমিঃ মেট্টুপালায়াম (কইম্বাটুৰ)
সাঁচ:BS-alt
৮ কিঃমিঃ কালাৰ
সাঁচ:BS-alt
১৩ কিঃমিঃ আদেৰ্লি
সাঁচ:BS-alt
১৮ কিঃমিঃ হিলগ্ৰোভ
সাঁচ:BS-alt
২১ কিঃমিঃ ৰুণিমেডে
সাঁচ:BS-alt
২৫ কিঃমিঃ কাটেৰি ৰ'ড
সাঁচ:BS-alt
২৮ কিঃমিঃ কুনুৰ
সাঁচ:BS-alt
২৯ কিঃমিঃ ৱেলিংটন
সাঁচ:BS-alt
৩২ কিঃমিঃ আৰুৱানকাডু
সাঁচ:BS-alt
৩৮ কিঃমিঃ কেট্টি
সাঁচ:BS-alt
৪২ কিঃমিঃ লাভডেল
সাঁচ:BS-alt
৪৬ কিঃমিঃ উটি

The 'Nilagiri Passenger' train covers a distance of ২৬ mi (৪১.৮ km),[2] travels through 208 curves, 16 tunnels,[2] and 250 bridges.[2] The uphill journey takes around 290 minutes (4.8 hours), and the downhill journey takes 215 minutes (3.6 hours) It has the steepest track in Asia with a maximum gradient of 8.33%.[2]

Nilgiri Mountain Railway on the biggest bridge
Mettupalayam Station

Mettupalayam(Coimbatore) - ০ km (০ mi), ১,০৬৯ ft (৩২৫.৮ m) above sea level - Junction with the 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) (Indian Gauge) line from Coimbatore city railway station. Passengers cross the platform to board the Nilagiri Passenger train (NMR). There is a small locomotive shed here and also the carriage workshops for the line.

Leaving Mettupalayum, the line is adhesion worked and actually drops for a short distance before crossing the Bhavani River, after which it starts to climb gently.
Kallar Station

Kallar - ৮ km (৫ mi), ১,২৬০ ft (৩৮৪ m) - Closed as a passenger station, this is where the rack rail begins. As the train leaves the station, the gradient is 1 in 12 (8.33%).

Adderly Station

Adderly - ১৩ km (৮.১ mi), ২,৩৯০ ft (৭২৮.৫ m) - Closed as a passenger station but is still a water stop.

Hillgrove Station

Hillgrove - ১৮ km (১১.২ mi), ৩,৫৮০ ft (১,০৯১.২ m) - Block post and water stop, also has refreshments for passengers.

Runneymede Station

Runneymede - ২১ km (১৩ mi), ৪,৬১২ ft (১,৪০৫.৭ m) - Closed as a passenger station but is still a water stop.

Kateri Road Station

Kateri Road - ২৫ km (১৫.৫ mi), ৫,০৭০ ft (১,৫৪৫.৩ m) - Closed as a passenger station, trains do not stop here.

Coonoor Station

Coonoor - ২৮ km (১৭.৪ mi), ৫,৬১৬ ft (১,৭১১.৮ m) - main intermediate station on the line at site of the locomotive workshops as well as the top end of the rack rail. Trains must reverse a short distance before continuing their climb to Ooty. It is normal for the locomotive to be changed here with diesel traction, being normal for all trains to Ooty.

Wellington Station

Wellington - ২৯ km (১৮ mi), ৫,৮০৪ ft (১,৭৬৯.১ m)

Aruvankadu Station

Aruvankadu - ৩২ km (১৯.৯ mi), ৬,১৪৪ ft (১,৮৭২.৭ m)

Ketti Station

Ketti - ৩৮ km (২৩.৬ mi), ৬,৮৬৪ ft (২,০৯২.১ m)

The Nilgiri Passenger at Ketti Railway Station
Lovedale Station

Lovedale - ৪২ km (২৬.১ mi), ৭,০০০ ft (২,১৩৩.৬ m)

Lovedale railway station
From a short distance before Lovedale, the line descends into Ooty.
Udhagamandalam Station

Ooty - ৪৬ km (২৮.৬ mi), ৭,২২৮ ft (২,২০৩.১ m).

The passenger at halt at Ooty Railway station

Other tourist trains in India[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Television film[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

In the UK, the BBC made a series of three documentaries[5] dealing with Indian Hill Railways, with the NMR being featured in the second programme shown in February 2010. (The first film covers the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and the third the Kalka-Shimla Railway.) The films were directed by Tarun Bhartiya, Hugo Smith and Nick Mattingly, and produced by Gerry Troyna. The series won the UK Royal Television Society Award in June 2010.[6]

Coonoor station was one of two used as locations in David Lean's film A Passage to India [1]. Ketti station was used as the location in a malayalam film Summer in Bethlehem

See also[সম্পাদনা কৰক]


References[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. "Mountain Railways of India". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/944/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 1 March 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 (in English ভাষাত) Indian Hill Railways: The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (TV). BBC. 21 February 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00qzzlm। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 1 March 2010. 
  3. NMR added as a World Heritage Site
  4. Ticket booking
  5. "Indian Hill Railways". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00qzzlm#synopsis। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 28 February 2010. 
  6. "Documentary on Hill railways of India bags UK award". Express India. http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/documentary-on-hill-railways-of-india-bags-uk-award/636391/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 September 2010. 

External links[সম্পাদনা কৰক]


স্থানাংক: 11°20′40″N 76°47′31″E / 11.344317°N 76.791945°E / 11.344317; 76.791945