সাঁচ:Cite interview/doc

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
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This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for interviews.

Usage[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

All fields must be lowercase. Copy a blank version to use. Remember that the "|" character must be between each field, the fields must be in lowercase, and please delete all the fields that are not being used to clear clutter in the edit window. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite interview |last= |first= |subject= |subjectlink= |last2= |first2= |subject2= |subjectlink2= |last3= |first3= |subject3= |subjectlink3= |last4= |subject4= |interviewer= |cointerviewers= |title= |type= |url= |format= |program= |callsign= |city= |date= |year= |month= |page= |pages= |accessdate= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote=}}
Most commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
{{cite interview |last= |first= |subjectlink= |interviewer= |title= |callsign = |city= |date= |program= |accessdate=}}
Example 1

{{cite interview |last= Blackmun |first= Harry |subjectlink= Harry Blackmun |interviewer= [[Ted Koppel]] |program= [[Nightline (US news program)|Nightline]] |callsign= [[American Broadcasting Company|ABC]] |city= [[New York]] |date= 1994-04-05 |accessdate= 2007-03-30}}

Blackmun, Harry (1994-04-05). Interview with Ted Koppel. Nightline. ABC. New York. 

Example 2
{{cite interview
  | last        = Nader
  | first       = Ralph
  | subjectlink = Ralph Nader
  | interviewer = Ray Suarez
  | title       = Talk of the Nation
  | program     = [[National Public Radio]]
  | callsign    = [[WBUR]]
  | city        = Boston, Massachusetts
  | date        = 1998-04-16
  | accessdate  = 2007-03-30
  }}

Nader, Ralph (1998-04-16). Talk of the Nation. Interview with Ray Suarez. National Public Radio. WBUR. Boston, Massachusetts. 

Vertical list Prerequisites and Brief Instructions  
  
  
 {{cite interview
 | last           =
 | first          =
 | subject        =
 | subjectlink    =
 | last2          =
 | first2         =
 | subject2       =
 | subjectlink2   =
 | last3          =
 | first3         =
 | subject3       =
 | subjectlink3   =
 | last4          =
 | subject4       =
 | interviewer    =
 | cointerviewers =
 | title          =
 | type           =
 | url            =
 | format         =
 | program        =
 | callsign       =
 | city           =
 | date           =
 | year           =
 | month          =
 | page           =
 | pages          =
 | accessdate     =
 | archiveurl     =
 | archivedate    =
 | quote   =
 }}
 Prerequisites*  Brief Instructions
 --------------  -----------------------
  
 REQUIRED**      (no wikilink)
 last            (no wikilink)
 REQUIRED**      (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last2           (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last3           (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
  
                 interviewer
  
  
                 url
                 Transcript; Video; Audio
                 name of program or publisher
  
  
                †preferred (no wikilink)
                 alternative to date
                 alternative to date
  
  
  
  
The field listed below is a prerequisite for the field to the left. For example last is a prerequisite to first meaning first will not be displayed even if it has a value unless last also has a value.
∗∗ One of last and subject needs to be provided. Subject has precedence.
This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.

Fields[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Wikilinks[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Most fields can be wikilinked (ie. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Syntax[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

Description[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/interview author সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/interview interviewer

  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in article references should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/title italics সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/journal

  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/issue}

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with ​p.​ unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with ​pp.​ unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the ​p.​ or ​pp.​ notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.
  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

সাঁচ:Citation Style documentation/interview id

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

}

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.
  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.
  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last, editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link, editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references></references> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; example: |display-authors=2; "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.


See also[সম্পাদনা কৰক]