সাঁচ:Convert/doc

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Usage[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

This template shows measurement quantities as primary and converted secondary units (or ranges), with optional rounding, wikilinks, abbreviation, or US spellings, and various separators including:  parentheses "( )", "or", hyphens, comma, "to" or dashes. The can help users by generating correct conversions from one unit of measurement to another, particularly for more complex units. It's also useful by making the text adhere to the Manual of Style. The text the template generates does not differ from a plain text equivalent, however.

Styles include: distance "32 মিটাৰs (105 ফুট)" and "32 মিটাৰs or 105 ফুট"; temperature "18 °C ({{convert/roundT{#expr:((18+273.15)*1.8-459.67)<0}}|18|(18+273.15)|||((18+273.15)*1.8-459.67)}} °F)"; mass "55.0 কেজি (121 পাউণ্ড)" or "65"; etc. For units see: Convert/list of units.

Options include:  lk=in, abbr=on, abbr=off, sp=us, adj=on, adj=mid, disp=x, disp=table and sortable=on (explained below). By default, output is rounded to match the precision of input; alternatives include: sigfig=3 or using the end parameter, such as "|1" to show tenths or "|-2" to show full 100's, etc.

Single value:

{{convert|value|in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}

Range of 2 values, or set of 3 or 4 (see below for list of range options):

{{convert|val1|range|val2 |in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}
{{convert/3 |val1|range|val2|words|val3|in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}
{{convert/4 |val1|words|val2|words|val3|words|val4|in_unit|out_unit|...}}
  • Numbers must be entered in unformatted form (without commas). Values output by the template will be displayed formatted and with a true minus sign where appropriate. To specify with commas, re-code a number as {{formatnum:9,000,500|R}} (becomes 9000500).
  • Optional parameters, in examples below, allow abbreviated units (abbr=on), or U.S. spellings (sp=us for meter), or hyphenation (adj=on), etc.
  • This template may in some cases directly convert to other base units, for example {{convert|29.8|km/s|mi/h}} will directly convert the km/s to mph, as in সাঁচ:Convert/km/s.
  • For this template many levels of substitution are possible, hence doing this fully, step by step, is cumbersome. Use Special:ExpandTemplates instead.
  • The template has very limited in-built capacity for dimensional analysis. It is therefore up to the user to ensure that most input and output units are compatible. Do not, for example, attempt to convert barrels to tonnes (but see {{bbl to t}}). Also beware of units with similar names; the code oz, for example, is for the avoirdupois ounce (a unit of mass), do not use this if you want fluid ounces. Note also that the code lb gives pounds mass, for pounds force use lbf.
  • An attempt to convert a unit to itself, e.g., km to km, will result in a template loop.
  • The range functionality is not fully implemented for all units, so experimentation may be required.
  • This documentation page tends to lag behind in terms of what the template can do. For details see the talk page and its archives.

Examples[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Single value[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Input Displays as
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb}} 3.21 কিলোগ্ৰামs (7.1 পাউণ্ড)
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb|0}} 3.21 কিলোগ্ৰামs (7 পাউণ্ড)
{{convert|10|kg|lb|disp=or}} 10 কিলোগ্ৰামs or 22 pounds
{{convert|6|ft|5|in|m}} 6 ফুট 5 ইঞ্চি (2.0 মিটাৰ)
{{convert|10|mi}} 10 মাইলs (16 km)
{{convert|100|mpgus}} 100 miles per US gallon (2.4 লি/১০০ কি.মি; 120 mpg-imp)
{{convert|120|km/h}} 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)
{{convert|18|°C|°F}} 18|(18+273.15) ((18+273.15)*1.8-459.67)}} °F)
{{convert|9|e6USgal|abbr=off}} সাঁচ:Convert/e6USgalসাঁচ:Convert/test/Aoff
The "e6" scales the input to millions; the "abbr=off" yields the "mega" in the output.
Scaling is only available for Single value conversions. Not all units are supported.
{{convert|1250|sqft|m2|lk=in|sigfig=2}} 1,250 square feet (120 বৰ্গ মিটাৰ)
Note 'lk=in' links only the input unit. This example is for illustration only, common units of measurement should not be linked. See: wp:overlink.
{{convert|20.5|m3|cuyd|lk=out|abbr=on}} 20.5 মি (26.8 কিউবিক য়াৰ্দ)
Note 'lk=out' links only the output unit, cu yd.
{{convert|641|acre|ha sqmi|lk=on}} 641 একৰs (সাঁচ:Convert/ha sqmi)
Note 'lk=on' links all units. Per guidelines, common units should not be linked. See: wp:overlink.
{{convert|641|acre|ha sqmi|2|lk=on}} 641 একৰs (সাঁচ:Convert/ha sqmi)
Although 640 acres equals 1 square mile; 641 acres rounded to two decimal places equals 1.00 sq mi.

Range of 2 values[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Note: not yet operational for all units
Input Displays as
{{convert|60|and|170|kg|lb}}
{{convert|60|to|170|kg|lb}} [[:
{{convert|60|to(-)|170|kg|lb}}
{{convert|60|-|170|kg|lb}} 60
{{convert|41|to|50|F|C}} 41
{{convert|41|-|50|F|K}} 41
{{convert|60|x|120|m|ft}}
{{convert|60|+/-|10|m|ft}}
{{convert|19|to|27|L|USgal}} [.0
{{convert|5|to|7|L|USgal}} [.3
{{convert|4|-|9|L|USgal|abbr=off}} সাঁচ:Convert/test/Aoff

The following conversions are currently not available as a range of values:

  • Some imperial and US gallon-based units
  • Other fuel-consumption units, except "mpg" or "L100km" shown above.
  • Large scale units (e3, e6, e9)
  • Combination-based units (ft&in, st&lb, lb&oz) due to complexity of the conversion.

Range/set of 3 or 4 values[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Note: not yet operational for all units
Input Displays as
{{convert/3 |2|x|4|x|6|m|ft}} সাঁচ:Convert/3
{{convert/3 |60|-|70|-|80|kg|lb}} সাঁচ:Convert/3
{{convert/4 |60|-|70|-|80|-|90|kg|lb}} সাঁচ:Convert/4
{{convert/3 |60|to|80|or|85|m|ft}} সাঁচ:Convert/3
{{convert/3 |11|by|15|rarely|16|ft|m}} সাঁচ:Convert/3
{{convert/3 |41|to|50|to|60|F|C}} সাঁচ:Convert/3
{{convert/4 |2|to|12|, in summer|25|to|36|C|F}} সাঁচ:Convert/4
{{convert/3 |41|-|50|almost|51|F|K}} সাঁচ:Convert/3

For {{convert/3}} or {{convert/4}}, the separator words can be any text.

Parameters[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Parameters
Use US spelling attach |sp=us
Make units linked attach |lk=on   to link all units (default: lk=off)
attach |lk=in   to link only the input units
attach |lk=out  to link only the output units
(The manual of style suggests that you should not link common units of measurement).
Use the adjective form, or insert mid-text words attach |adj=on (e.g. "190-foot (58 m) bridge" instead of "190 feet...").
This produces the adjective form—the unit name in the singular with a hyphen (according to the Manual of Style).

attach |adj=mid (e.g. "190-foot bridge (58 m)" as: |adj=mid|bridge

or "190-foot-long bridge (58 m)" as: |adj=mid|-long bridge)

Note 1: Any rounding-parameter should follow the mid-text: "text|0".
Note 2: For adj=mid, must specify both input & output unit-codes.

For example, to convert feet, use "ft|m" or "ft|0":
  • {{convert|9|ft|m|adj=mid|-long}} → 9-foot-long (2.7 m)
To default the output unit-code, set parameter 3 to: 0.
Abbreviate units, or not attach |abbr=on to show unit symbols
attach |abbr=off   to show all unit names in full words
attach |abbr=in to abbreviate input units
attach |abbr=out to abbreviate output units
attach |abbr=values to suppress unit names & show only values. So, {{convert|6|mi|abbr=values}} gives: 6 (9.7)সাঁচ:Convert/test/Avalues.
Change "( )" to display other separators attach |disp=or to put "or" between units.
The default value is:  disp=b for brackets/parentheses.
Change "( )" to customized separators attach |disp=x| (begin | end) to show "xx (begin yy end)" See example 1
attach |disp=x|; to show "xx; yy" See example 2
attach |disp=x| (same as |) to show "xx (same as yy)". See example 3
Example 1: {{convert|9|km|mi|disp=x| [|]}}9 kilometres [5.6 mi] (note space before [|)
Example 2: {{convert|9|km|mi|disp=x|;}}9 kilometres;5.6 mi
Example 3: {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=x| (about |)}}10 kilometres (about 6.2 mi) (note spaces used within the code).
Display output only attach |disp=output only to show result number & unit
attach |disp=output number only to show just number
Note when using "disp=output only" then the unit name can still be shown as full words by abbr=off or linked by lk=on.
Example: {{convert|7500|acre|m2|disp=output only }} → সাঁচ:Convert/LoffAoffDoutput onlySoffNa
Display units inverted as reverse order attach |disp=flip  to reverse the order & show output unit first.
So, {{convert|6|km|disp=flip}} shows "3.7 miles (6 km)".
To get symbol "mi" use abbr=in, to abbreviate the input unit (left-side unit).
Display unit name (only) attach |disp=unit to show the unit name for a symbol
The unit name will be plural when the amount is not 1, or hyphenated when adj=on. So, {{convert|2|cuyd|disp=unit}} shows "cubic yards" plural.
Display amounts as table cells attach |disp=table (or |disp=tablecen) Note: For use in tables, the template must start on a new line after a pipe. Only the number will be displayed unless you set |abbr=on, |lk=on, |lk=in or |lk=out. Example: here
Round to a specified number of significant figures attach |sigfig={some integer greater than zero}. In the case of temperatures Celsius or Fahrenheit this refers to the difference with the absolute-zero temperature. For example, at room temperature two significant digits means rounded to tens of degrees.
Round by 5 attach |disp=5  to round the output amount to the nearest 5 units. Not supported for all options.
Let Convert decide the unit to convert to skip the precision parameter (the 3rd or 4th unnamed parameter) e.g. {{convert|100|km|ft}} gives 100 kilometres (3 ফুট) and {{convert|100|km}} gives 100 kilometres (62 মাইল).
Display input value with a fraction {{convert|3/8|in|mm|3|abbr=on}} → 38 in (9.525 mm) or {{convert|11+1/4|in|cm|2|abbr=on}} → 11+14 in (28.58 cm)

For negative amounts, use two minus signs (hyphens): -11-1/4.

Generate a hidden sort key for use with a sortable table attach |sortable=on to generate a hidden sort key so that sortable tables will sort correctly. This uses {{ntsh}} to generate a sort key from the first numeric value. It ignores any additional values, ie, if you use 6|ft|2|in as the value, it will only use the 6 for the sort key. This will cause numeric values to sort in numeric order, ie: 5, 10, 15 instead of 10, 15, 5.

Parameters still under construction[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Parameters still under construction. May not work in all situations
disp=5[note 1] The output will be rounded to the nearest 5 units. Might not work when linking unit names.
disp=tablecen[note 1] Similar to disp=table except that the values with be centered within the column. See the tables at La Nouvelle branch, BM-21 Grad for in use examples.
abbr=in Abbreviates only the input unit.
abbr=out Abbreviates only the output unit.
disp=br This separates input and output units with a forced line break. This can be useful in tables with limited horizontal space.
disp=sqbr Shows square brackets "[ ]" instead of parentheses "( )" in output. Example: 55 miles [89 km]. This option can be used in direct quotes, to show conversions in editorial brackets. See: attach |disp=x|[|], above, as another way of showing brackets "[ ]".
  1. 1.0 1.1 This is a limited, temporary option, until an alternative can be implemented.

Rounding[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Convert supports four types of rounding:

Rounding to a given precision
Specify the desired precision with the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest power of 110 this number. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the round number is '-2', the result will be 8600. If the result is '234.0283043' and the round number is '0', the result will be 234.
Rounding to a given number of significant figures
Specify the desired number of significant figures using |sigfig={some integer greater than zero} as noted above.
Default rounding
If neither the desired precision nor the desired number of significant figures is specified, the conversion will be rounded either to precision comparable that of the input value (the number of digits after the decimal point—or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant figures, whichever is more precise. An exception to this is temperature, wherein the conversion will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is more precise.
Examples of default rounding
Input Displays as Note
{{convert|550|ft|m|0}} 550 ফুট (168 মিটাৰ) Approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|550|ft|m}} 550 ফুট (170 মিটাৰ) Rounds to 170, when approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|500|ft|m|0}} 500 ফুট (152 মিটাৰ) Approximate value is 152.4 m
{{convert|500|ft|m}} 500 ফুট (150 মিটাৰ) Rounds to 150, when approximate value is 152.4 m

Units supported[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The table below lists units supported by this template. It is divided up according to the quantity being measured. Not all supported units are listed here; there are links to more complete lists for each quantity.

The codes listed in the code column (column 3) are accepted as input by the template. These can be used as the second or third unnamed parameter. For some units there exist alternative codes. These are listed in brackets and have been incorporated to make the code more flexible for editors, e.g. °F or F may be entered.

The codes listed in the combinations column (column 7) can be used to produce multiple conversions. They can only be used as the third unnamed parameter, e.g. {{convert|55|nmi|km mi}} produces "55 নেন মাইলs (102 কি.মি.; 63 মাইল)".

সাঁচ:Convert/list of units/rowtopNaসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/volume/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/speed/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/force/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/energy/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/temperature/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/mass/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/torque/short listসাঁচ:Convert/list of units/extra
Abridged list of units supported by {{Convert}}
ব্যাখ্যা
পদ্ধতি একক সংকেত প্ৰতীক/সংক্ষেপ তথ্য পৰিৱৰ্তন গুণিতক ব্যৱহাৰ
যি পদ্ধতিত এই একক ব্যৱহৃত হয় নামৰ ক্ৰমানুসৰি একক এই টেমপ্লেট ব্যৱহাৰৰ বাবে ব্যৱহৃত সংকেত টেমপ্লেটত যিদৰে এই প্ৰতীক দেখা যাব সাধাৰণভাবে বা বিশেষ ক্ষেত্ৰত এই টেমপ্লেটত এককৰ ব্যৱহাৰ সম্পৰ্কিত তথ্য SI মূল এককৰ পৰা বা প্ৰতি পৰিৱৰ্তনৰ যি গুণিতক এই টেমপ্লেটত ব্যৱহৃত হৈছে একাধিক পৰিবৰ্তনৰ সংকেত


দৈৰ্ঘ্য
(পূৰ্ণ তালিকা)
প্ৰথা একক সংকেত
(বিকল্প)
সংক্ষেপ টোকা conversion factor/m combinations
SI মিলিমিটাৰ Mm মি.মি. US spelling: megameter
0.001
kilomet{{{r}}} km km US spelling: kilometer
1,000
  • km mi
মিটাৰ m মিটাৰ US spelling: meter
1
  • m ft
  • m ftin
centimet{{{r}}} cm cm US spelling: centimeter
0.01
  • cm in
millimet{{{r}}} mm mm US spelling: millimeter
0.001
  • mm in
মাইক্ৰমিটাৰ μm (um) µm US spelling: micrometer
0.000001
নেনোমিটাৰ nm nm US spelling: nanometer
0.000000001
non-SI metric আংষ্ট্ৰম Å
(angstrom)
Å 0.0000000001
Imperial
&
US customary
মাইল mi মাইল 1,609.344
  • mi km
ফাৰ্লং furlong 201.168
শিকলি chain 20.1168
ৰড rd rd For other names of this unit see the full list. 5.0292
Fathom fathom assumes 1 fathom ≡ 6 ft 1.8288
গজ yd yd assumes the international definition 0.9144
ফুট ft (foot) ফুট The foot code will produce foot as the plural form. 0.3048
  • ft m (foot m)
হাত hand h 0.1016
inch in in 0.0254
  • in cm
  • in mm
Other নেন মাইল nmi nmi the international standard nautical mile
For other nautical miles see the full list.
1,852
পাৰছেক pc পাৰছেক 3.0856775814672×10^16
আলোকবৰ্ষ ly ly 9.4607304725808×10^15
জ্যোতিৰ্বিদ্যাৰ একক AU জ্যোতিৰ্বিদ্যাৰ একক 1,49,59,78,70,700


AREA
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes conversion factor/m2 combinations
SI বৰ্গ কি.মি. km2 বৰ্গ কি.মি. US spelling: square kilometer
10,00,000
  • km2 sqmi
square met{{{r}}} m2 বৰ্গ মিটাৰ US spelling: square meter
1
  • m2 sqft

সাঁচ:Convert/cm2

  • cm2 sqin

সাঁচ:Convert/mm2

  • mm2 sqin
non-SI metric হেক্টৰ ha হেক্টৰ 10,000
Imperial
&
US customary
বৰ্গ মাইল sqmi বৰ্গ মাইল 25,89,988.110336
  • sqmi km2
একৰ acre 4,046.856422

সাঁচ:Convert/sqyd সাঁচ:Convert/list of units/rowbr

  • sqft m2 (sqfoot m2)

সাঁচ:Convert/sqin

  • sqin cm2
Other

সাঁচ:Convert/sqnmi সাঁচ:Convert/dunam

Examples[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • {{Convinfobox}} for use in infoboxes
  • {{Bbl to t}} for converting barrel of oil to tonnes
  • {{CwtQtrLb to kg}} for converting long hundred weights, quarters and pounds into kilograms
  • {{Decdeg}} for converting degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal degrees
  • {{HMS2Deg}} for converting hour angles, given in hours, minutes and seconds, to decimal degrees
  • {{Miles-chains}} for converting miles and chains to kilometres linking "chains"
  • {{Pop density}} for converting a population and area to a density
  • {{Inflation}} for calculating inflation of Consumer Price Index related prices
  • {{Metricate}}
  • {{RailGauge}} for converting rail (track) gauges
  • {{Convert/scale}} with custom formula for converting any linearly related units
  • Bug 235: Auto unit conversion