সাঁচ:Harvard citation text

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা

()

[চাওক] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [কেশ্ব পৰিষ্কাৰ] Documentation icon সাঁচ নথিকৰণ

The Harvard citation templates create an author-date citation with a one-directional link to the first matching citation template on the same page.

There are six templates used to create in-text citations; they differ in the use and placement of parenthesis and in the separator before the pge or location:

In-text templates
Templates Aliases Example
{{Harvard citation no brackets}} {{harvnb}} Smith 2006, পৃষ্ঠা 25
{{Harvard citation}} {{harv}} (Smith 2006, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{Harvard citation text}} {{harvtxt}} Smith (2006, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{Harvcoltxt}} Smith (2006:25)
{{Harvcol}} (Smith 2006:25)
{{Harvcolnb}} Smith 2006:25

Full citations can be created manually or by templates:

Shortened footnotes can be create by using:

  • {{Sfn}}
  • {{Sfnp}}: date in parenthesis
  • {{Sfnm}}: multiple sources

All of these templates have the same parameters and basic functionality. This page describes the first six in detail; for the others see their documentation pages. Editors editing one of these templates are requested to make parallel changes to the other versions.

Usage[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

In the body of the article:

{{harv or sfn or harvnb, etc. | last name(s) of author(s) | year | p=page number, or pp=page range or loc=other location }}

In the references section (or in an earlier footnote):

{{cite book or cite journal, etc | ref=harv | ... other appropriate parameters ... }}

Parameters

Up to four authors can be given as parameters. (If there are more than 4 authors only the first 4 should be listed. See #Large numbers of authors, below.) The last parameter is the year of publication.

(All these examples have links which operate. Click on highlighted text "(Smith 2006, পৃষ্ঠা 25)".)

Markup Result
{{harv|Smith|2005|p=25}} (Smith 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{harv|Smith|Jones|2005| p=25}} (Smith & Jones 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{harv|Smith|Jones|Brown|2005| p=25}} (Smith, Jones & Brown 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{harv|Smith|Jones|Brown|Black|2005| p=25}} (Smith et al. 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25)

The optional parameters |p=, |pp= and |loc= can be used to indicate the location in the source. All of the Harvard citation templates use the same parameters to indicate page numbers or other locations in the text.

Markup Result
{{harv|Smith|2005}} (Smith 2005)
{{harv|Smith|2005|p=25}} (Smith 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25)
{{harv|Smith|2005|pp=25—26}} (Smith 2005, পৃষ্ঠা 25–26)
{{harv|Smith|2005|loc=chpt. 3}} (Smith 2005, chpt. 3)
{{harv|Smith|2005|loc=section 7}} (Smith 2005, section 7)

The parameter |Ref= is used to specify the reference value that links the short citation to the full citation. This parameter is optional and is usually not necessary. If you specify |Ref=none no hyperlink is created. (See the examples. Not available in {{sfn}}.)

Reference section

The links in the Harvard citation templates can find anchors in Citation Style 1, Citation Style 2 and similar templates. To make the anchor, parameter |ref=harv must be set. This is not necessary for {{citation}}, but is normally necessary for the others.

Markup Result
==References== * {{citation | title = Smith's paper |... }} * {{cite web | title = Smith & Jones website | ... | ref = harv }} * {{cite news | title = Article by Smith, Jones and Brown | ... | ref = harv }} * {{cite journal | title= Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper | ... | ref = harv }}
References
  • Smith, John (2005), Smith's paper 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam (2005). "Smith & Jones website". http://en.wikipedia.org. 
  • Smith, John; Jones, Sam; Brown, Tom (2005). "Article by Smith, Jones and Brown". Big Urban Newspaper. 
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black (2005). "Smith, Jones, Brown and Black's Paper". Important Journal. 

Applications[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Harvard citation: {{harv}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also: Parenthetical referencing (in Wikipedia:Citing sources)

Template {{harv}} creates a parenthetical reference with a link to the full citation in the references section at the bottom of the article.

Markup Result
Article text {{harv|Smith|2006|p=25}}. ==References== * {{cite book | ref = harv | last = Smith | first = John | title = Smith's book | year = 2006 }}

Article text (Smith 2006, পৃষ্ঠা 25).

References
  • Smith, John (2006). Smith's book. 

Shortened footnote: {{sfn}} or {{harvnb}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also: Shortened footnotes (in Wikipedia:Citing sources)

Template {{harvnb}} inside a <ref></ref> span can be used to create a Shortened footnotes that is linked to the full citation at the bottom of the article. Template {{sfn}} has the same effect and it also combines identical footnotes automatically.

সাঁচ:Wikitext example

In text attribution: {{harvtxt}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also In-text attribution (in Wikipedia:Citing sources)

Template {{harvtxt}} can be used to link an in-text attribution to the full citation at the bottom of the page.

Markup Result
According to {{harvtxt|Smith|2009|p=25}} ... ==References== * {{citation | last = Smith | first = John | year = 2009 | title = Smith's Book }}

According to Smith (2009, পৃষ্ঠা 25) ...

References
  • Smith, John (2009), Smith's Book 

Bundled citation: {{harvnb}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also: Bundling citations (in Wikipedia:Citing sources)

Template {{harvnb}} can be used to bundle citations.

Markup Result
Article text ({{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}). Article text (Smith 2010, পৃষ্ঠা 25; Jones 2010).
Article text.<ref>{{harvnb|Smith|2010|p=25}}; {{harvnb|Jones|2010}}</ref> ==Notes== {{reflist}} ==References== * {{cite book | last = Smith ... Smith's book }} * {{cite book | last = Jones ... Jones' book }} Article text.[1]
Notes
  1. Smith 2010, পৃষ্ঠা 25; Jones 2010
References
  • Smith, John (2010). Smith's book. 
  • Jones, Mary (2010). Jones' book. 

Note that {{sfn}} is inappropriate for bundled citations; use {{harvnb}}.

More exotic Harvard citations {{harvid}} or {{harvs}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

More exotic Harvard citations can be constructed using the {{harvs}} template, such as multiple papers by the same author, using both the first and last names, links to articles about the author, and others. Any kind of unusual link can also be constructed using the idiom [[#{{harvid|parameters}}|link name]].

Markup Result
The theory was developed by {{harvs|txt|first=F. J.|last=Murray|author1-link=F. J. Murray|first2=J.|last2=von Neumann|author2-link=John von Neumann|year=1936|year2=1937|year3=1943}}. The theory was developed by F. J. Murray and J. von Neumann (1936, 1937, 1943)
The theory was developed by [[F. J. Murray]] and J. von Neumann ([[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1936}}|1936]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1937}}|1937]],[[#{{harvid|Murray|von Neumann|1943}}|1943]]). The theory was developed by F. J. Murray and J. von Neumann (1936, 1937, 1943).

Some articles use this idiom [[#CITEREFid | link name ]]. See notes on implementation details below.

Variations[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Using colon format: {{harvcol}}, {{harvcolnb}}, {{harvcoltxt}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Templates {{harvcol}}, {{harvcolnb}}, {{harvcoltxt}} use a colon to indicate the page number(s) or location.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25}}
(Smith 2011:25)
{{harvcolnb|Smith|2011|p=25}}
Smith 2011:25
{{harvcoltxt|Smith|2011|p=25}}
Smith (2011:25)
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|p=25–26}}
(Smith 2011:25–26)
{{harvcol|Smith|2011|loc=chpt. 3}}
(Smith 2011:chpt. 3)

Adding a URL for the page or location[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

If a specific link to the page or section is available, a URL can be added to the location or page number.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org chpt 3]}}
(Smith 2011, chpt 3)
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
{{harv|Smith|2011|loc=[http://en.wikipedia.org &sect;7]}}
(Smith 2011, §7)
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2011|p=[http://en.wikipedia.org 3]}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book | last = Smith | year = 2011 | title = Smith's
other book }}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Smith 2011, পৃষ্ঠা. 3.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith (2011). Smith's other book. 

Possible issues[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Wikilink to citation does not work[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

If nothing happens when you click on the highlighted wikilink from a Harvard style citation to a full citation at the bottom of the page, there are several possible solutions. If:

  1. The correct citation does not appear at the bottom of the article. Solution: Find the source (it may be copied from an article on a similar subject), and check that it verifies the text. If the source can't be found, tag the citation with {{citation not found}}.
  2. The correct citation appears at the bottom of the article, and
    1. The Harvard citation uses a template (such as {{sfn}} or {{harv}}):
      1. The citation uses a template from the list at Citation Style 1:
        1. The name is spelled differently here than the citation. Solution: check the source for the correct spelling.
        2. The year is different here than the citation. Solution: check the source for the correct year.
        3. The citation template requires |ref=harv (not needed for {{citation}}, but is needed for most other Citation Style 1 templates). Solution: Add |ref=harv.
        4. The date parameter in the citation template has only a year (as in |date=2010).[note 1] Solution: use the year parameter instead (as in |year=2010).
        5. The template has a |date= field and no |year= field, but the format of the |date= field is unusual. Solution: Try to fix the date. If the link still does not work, add |year= to the citation template. (It's okay if it has both.)
        6. The citation does not have an author's last name. Solution: check that |ref={{harvid}} is set correctly (see below).
      2. The citation uses a Citation Style Vancouver template. Solution: check that |harvid= is set correctly (see below).
      3. The citation uses a template that does not support |ref= (See User:Gadget850/Citation templates— anchors). Solution: An anchor can be created using {{wikicite|id={{harvid|args}}|reference={{citation}}}}.
      4. The citation does not use a template:
        1. It has no wikicode to create an anchor. Solution: If {{cite *}} citation templates are used liberally throughout the article, then reformat the citation with the appropriate {{cite *}} template and set the |ref= appropriately. Otherwise consult with local editors on the talk page about how to proceed. Either add {{cite *}} templates and {{harv}} templates, or remove all templates, depending on what local editors prefer. A few articles use {{wikicite}} to create an anchor as an alternative to standard templates.
        2. Uses a ​<cite>​ span to create an anchor. Solution: remove the cite span (these are deprecated) and proceed as with the previous.
        3. Uses {{wikicite}}. Solution: Check that |id={{harvid}} matches.
    2. If the Harvard citation uses a handwritten wikilink, such as [[#Reference-Smith2006|Smith (2006)]]
      1. The citation uses a citation template which supports |ref= (See User:Gadget850/Citation templates— anchors). Solution: Check that |ref= is set to a matching id.
      2. Otherwise, check that the reference has {{wikicite|ref=id|reference=citation}} with a matching id.

Templates that have broken wikilinks using these templates are added to the category শ্ৰেণী:All articles with broken links to citations.

More than one work in a year[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

For authors who have published more than one work in the same year, the standard way to differentiate such works is to put a lowercase letter after the year (e.g. place |year=2006a and |year=2006b in the citation templates and use ​{{sfn|Smith|2006a}}​ and ​{{sfn|Smith|2006b}}​in the article body).

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn |Smith|1993a| p=25}}
More text.{{sfn |Smith|1993b| p=32}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| year = 1993a
| title = Smith's first paper
| journal= Important Journal
| ref = harv
}}
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| year = 1993b
| title = Smith's second paper
| journal= Another Important Journal
| ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]

More text.[2]

টোকা
  1. Smith 1993a, পৃষ্ঠা. 25.
  2. Smith 1993b, পৃষ্ঠা. 32.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith, Karen (1993a). "Smith's first paper". Important Journal. 
  • Smith, Karen (1993b). "Smith's second paper". Another Important Journal. 

Large numbers of authors[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Only the first four authors are required by the template. Listing more is not supported. It also possible to use the |ref={{harvid}} in the citation template, which allows a more concise citation in the article text.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text
{{harv |Smith|Jones|Brown|Black|1994| p=25}}.

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith
| last2 = Jones
| last3 = Brown
| last4 = Black
| last5 = Davis
| last6 = Martinez
| last7 = Hsu
| year= 1994
| title= Scientific paper written by
dozens of scientists
| journal = Important Journal
| ref = harv
}}
Article text (Smith et al. 1994, পৃষ্ঠা 25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu (1994). "Scientific paper written by dozens of scientists". Important Journal. 
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text {{harv |Smith et al.|1995| p=25}}.

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith
| last2 = Jones
| last3 = Brown
| last4 = Black
| last5 = Davis
| last6 = Martinez
| last7 = Hsu
| year= 1995
| title= Another paper by even more scientists
| journal = Important Journal
| ref = {{harvid|Smith et al.|1995}}
}}
Article text (Smith et al. 1995, পৃষ্ঠা 25).
References
  • Smith; Jones; Brown; Black; Davis; Martinez; Hsu (1995). "Another paper by even more scientists". Important Journal. 

No author name in citation template[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Some sources do not have a single author with a last name, such as a magazine article or a report from a government institution. There is no consensus (in Wikipedia or among citation styles) about how to format author-date citations to works that do not have a specific author. Several choices are:

  1. For a newspaper or periodical you may use the name of the paper and the date.
  2. For a publication by an institution, use either:
    1. The initials of the institution
    2. The name of the institution
  3. Alternatively, some style guides recommend using the title of the article.
  4. Other style guides recommend using "Anonymous" or "Anon."

An article should adopt one of these styles consistently. Using |ref={{harvid}} in the citation template can handle these cases.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn |BGI|1996|p=429}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite book
| title = Important Book
| year = 1996
| publisher = Big Government Institution
| ref = {{harvid|BGI|1996}}
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. BGI 1996, পৃষ্ঠা. 429.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Important Book. Big Government Institution. 1996. 
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn |Popular Magazine|1996|p=29}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite magazine
| magazine = Popular Magazine
| title = An Article by an Anonymous Author
| year = 1996
| ref = {{harvid|Popular Magazine|1996}}
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Popular Magazine 1996, পৃষ্ঠা. 29.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • "An Article by an Anonymous Author". Popular Magazine. 1996. 

Citation has |date= and no |year=[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Either the |year= or |date= of a citation template can be matched – the template logic can extract the year of from a full date. If the date parameter is not a full date, then the extraction will fail. If the link does not seem to work, it also possible to set both |date= and |year= parameters. The template will display the date and use the year for the anchor. If only the year is known the |year= field must be used in the citation for the link to work correctly (i.e. |date=2005 may not work correctly). These two examples show a year being successfully extracted from full date.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1997|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = 11 May 1997
| title = Smith's 1997 paper
| journal= Important Journal
| ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Smith 1997, পৃষ্ঠা. 101.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith, Karen (11 May 1997). "Smith's 1997 paper". Important Journal. 
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1998|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite journal
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = May 1998
| title = Smith's 1998 paper
| journal= Important Journal
| ref = harv
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Smith 1998, পৃষ্ঠা. 101.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith, Karen (May 1998). "Smith's 1998 paper". Important Journal. 

Citation template does not support |ref=harv[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The Citation Style Vancouver family of templates use parameter |ref=harvid to create an anchor for the Harvard citation templates. This must be set to a concatenation of the parameters passed to the Harvard citation template.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1999|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{vcite book
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| year = 1999
| title = Smith's 1999 Book
| harvid = Smith1999
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Smith 1999, পৃষ্ঠা. 101.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith's 1999 Book. 1999.
লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn|Smith|2000|p=101}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{cite thesis
| last = Smith | first = Karen
| date = May 2000
| title = Smith's Thesis
| ref = {{harvid|Smith|2000}}
}}
Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Smith 2000, পৃষ্ঠা. 101.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Smith, Karen (May 2000). Smith's Thesis (Thesis). 

Citation format does not support anchors: {{wikicite}}[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

In a few very rare cases, it may be impossible for the citation templates to create an anchor. Either (1) the citation is formatted with a template that does not support the |ref= parameter (such as {{cite report}}) or (2) the source can't be described using our citation templates at all. In these cases, it is possible to use {{wikicite}} to make the anchor. (As of November 2010, there are only approximately 100 articles that require this technique.) It is also possible that (3) local editors would prefer not to use citation templates. In this case, it is important to discuss what the local editors would like to do about the bad links. It is always possible to simply remove {{harv}} or {{sfn}}.

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn |Big Government Agency|1999}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{wikicite
 | reference = {{cite report
 | title=Important Government Report
 | publisher=Big Government Agency
 | year=1999
 }}
 | ref = {{harvid|Big Government Agency|1999}}
}}


Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. Big Government Agency 1999.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • Important Government Report (Report). Big Government Agency. 1999. 


লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Article text.{{sfn |A particularly unusual citation}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

==References==
* {{wikicite
| reference = A source that can't be described
using our citation templates at all.
| ref = {{harvid|A particularly unusual citation}}
}}

Article text.[1]
টোকা
  1. A particularly unusual citation.
তথ্যসূত্ৰ
  • A source that can't be described using our citation templates at all.

It is also possible to use <cite></cite> to achieve the same effect, but this may not be compatible with HTML 5.

Recommended style[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The recommended Harvard referencing style potentially uses all four templates. Each automatically generates a hypertext link based on the name(s) and date. Here is an example

লিপি প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves {{Harv|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973}}; yet {{Harvtxt|Einstein|1915}} presented essential equations with notable brevity. The essential ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor ({{Harvnb|Einstein|1915|loc=p.&nbsp;844}}; {{Harvnb|Misner|Thorne|Wheeler|1973|loc=p.&nbsp;41}}).

==References==
*{{Citation
 | last=Misner
 | first=Charles W.
 | last2=Thorne
 | first2=Kip S.
 | first3=John Archibald
 | last3=Wheeler
 | title=Gravitation
 | publisher=W. H. Freeman
 | location = San Francisco
 | year = 1973
 | month = September
 | id = ISBN 0-7167-0344-0 }}
*{{Citation
 | last =Einstein
 | first =Albert
 | title =Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation)
 | journal =Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften
 | pages =844–847
 | year =1915
}}
Some works on gravitation are so massive they warp spacetime themselves (Misner, Thorne & Wheeler 1973); yet Einstein (1915) presented essential equations with notable brevity. The two ingredients are the curvature tensor and the stress-energy tensor (Einstein 1915, p. 844; Misner, Thorne & Wheeler 1973, p. 41).
References
  • Misner, Charles W.; Thorne, Kip S.; Wheeler, John Archibald (September 1973), Gravitation, প্ৰকাশক San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-0344-0 
  • Einstein, Albert (1915), "Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation (The Field Equations of Gravitation)", Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften: 844–847 

In short:

  1. For a single work with no author in the text (the most common case), use {{Harv}}.
  2. For a single work with the author named in the text, use {{Harvtxt}}.
  3. For multiple works at the same point, use explicit parentheses and {{Harvnb}} separated by semicolons.
  4. For anything more complicated use {{Harvs}}.

Implementation notes[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

These templates use two elements: a wikilink in the body of the article, and an anchor in the reference section of the article. Clicking on the wikilink repositions the page at the anchor.

Citation template anchor[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The most common citation templates are Citation Style 1 or Citation Style 2. If |ref=harv is set, then {{Citation/core}} creates an anchor <a name="CITEREF"></a> followed by the concatenation of the following parameters:

  • last or last1 or surname or surname1 or author or author1 or authors,
  • last2 or surname2 or author2,
  • last3 or surname3 or author3,
  • last4 or surname4 or author4,
  • editor-last or editor-surname or editor1-last or editor1-surname or editor or editors,
  • editor2-last or editor2-surname,
  • editor3-last or editor3-surname,
  • editor4-last or editor4-surname,
  • year.

Template {{Citation}} sets |ref=harv as the default.

This covers the most common templates. Information about all the templates is available at User:Gadget850/Citation templates— anchors.

Please note that the above list does not include the coauthor parameter, which is ignored in generating the citation's CITEREF anchor. It is recommended that, when used with the harv family templates, citation templates always use the numbered last parameters instead of coauthor so that a more accurate CITEREF anchor may be generated. If coauthor is used, it will not be possible to generate a Harvard citation that displays the authors' names correctly and that generates a link to the correct CITEREF anchor.

Use of the date parameter in place of the year parameter in citation templates is preferred when full dates are known. The date parameter should not be used to simply encode a year, as this can fail to generate a viable ​#CITEREF​ link.

Harvard citation wikilink[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The Harvard citation templates create a wikilink to the anchor. For example {{Harv|Smith|2006|p=25}} produces the link ​#CITEREFSmith2006​ and {{Citation|last=Smith|first=John|date=27 January 2006|title=My Life}} produces the anchor ​CITEREFSmith2006​.

Using CITEREF directly[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

A few articles create a custom ID using ​CITEREF​, either in place of the Harvard citation template (e.g. ​[[#CITEREFSmith2006|(2006)]]​) or as a value for |ref= in the citation template. A custom ID must follow these rules:

  • Names are case-sensitive
  • Names may not be a numeric integer
  • Quotes are optional if the only characters used are letters A–Z, a–z, digits 0–9 and the symbols !$%&()*,-.:;<@[]^_`{|}~
  • Inclusion of any other characters including spaces require that the name be enclosed in in straight quotes (")
  • Quote enclosed names may not include a less-than sign (<) or a quote symbol (")
  • If CITEREF is used, then spaces in the |ref= field must be replaced with underscores
It is recommended that names be kept simple and restricted to the standard English alphabet and numerals.

Examples:

cite name|

year}}

cite_nameyear}}

cite name|

year}}}} Where cite_name is a name such as the publisher.

{{sfn}}'s ref name[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Template {{sfn}} creates a named footnote, so that identical footnotes are combined automatically. The footnote name begins with ​FOOTNOTE​ followed by a concatenation of the arguments to {{sfn}}. E.g.: this template call {{sfn|Smith|2006|p=26}} should have exactly the same functionality as <ref name="FOOTNOTESmith200626">{{Harvnb}}</ref> which, in turn, has the same functionality as <ref name="FOOTNOTESmith200626">>[[#CITEREFSmith2006|Smith (2006)]], p. 26</ref>

The call to {{harvnb}} has been subst'ed for quicker load times.

Notes[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. As noted at MediaWiki Help: A four-digit number is interpreted as hours and minutes if possible, and otherwise as year:
    {{#time: Y m d H:i:s | 2010 }}2010 03 26 00:00:00 Input is treated as a time rather than a year.
    {{#time: Y m d H:i:s | 1960 }}1960 03 26 00:00:00 Since 19:60 is not a valid time, 1960 is treated as a year.
    {{#time: Y | 2010 }}2010 Input is treated as a time rather than a year.
    {{#time: Y | 1960 }}1960 Since 19:60 is not a valid time, 1960 is treated as a year.