অক্সফৰ্ড ইংৰাজী অভিধান

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
Seven of the twenty volumes of the printed version of the second edition of the OED

অক্সফৰ্ড ইংৰাজী অভিধান (Oxford English Dictionary) (OED), অক্সফ’ৰ্ড ইউনিভাৰ্ছিটি প্ৰেছৰ দ্বাৰা প্ৰকাশিত এখন ইংৰাজী ভাষাৰ অভিধান[1] বিশ্বৰ বিভিন্ন দেশত ইংৰাজী ভাষাৰ প্ৰায়োগিক ভিন্নতা অন্তৰ্ভুক্ত কৰাৰ লগতে এই অভিধানে ভাষাটোৰ ঐতিহাসিক বিকাশৰ বিষয়েও তথ্য সন্নিবিষ্ট কৰে[2][3]৷ ১৯৮৯ চনত প্ৰকাশ পোৱা এই অভিধানৰ দ্বিতীয় সংস্কৰণত ২০ টা খণ্ড আৰু ২১,৭২৮ টা পৃষ্ঠা আছে৷

এই অভিধান প্ৰণয়ণৰ কাম ১৮৫৭ চনতে আৰম্ভ হৈছিল যদিও ১৮৮৪ চনতহে ইয়াৰ প্ৰথম সংস্কৰণ প্ৰকাশ পায়৷ পোণপ্ৰথমে এই অভিধানৰ শিৰোনামা ”A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society” ৰখা হৈছিল৷ ১৮৯৫ চনতThe Oxford English Dictionary (OED)” নামটো প্ৰথম ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়৷ ১৯২৮ চনত দহটা খণ্ডৰে সৈতে এই অভিধানৰ পূৰ্ণাংগ ৰূপত পুন: প্ৰকাশিত হয়৷ ২০০০ চনৰ পৰা অভিধানখনৰ এটা তৃতীয় সংস্কৰণৰ কাম অব্যাহত আছে৷

অক্সফৰ্ড ইংৰাজী অভিধানৰ ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক সংস্কৰণটো প্ৰথম ১৯৮৮ চনত প্ৰকাশ পায়৷ ২০০০ চনত ইয়াৰ অনলাইন সংস্কৰণ মুকলি কৰা হয় যি বিপুল জনপ্ৰিয়তা লাভ কৰিবলৈ সক্ষম হয়৷ শেহতীয়াকৈ অক্সফৰ্ড ইউনিভাৰ্ছিটি প্ৰেছে ঘোষণা কৰে যে পৰৱৰ্ত্তী সংস্কৰণসমূহ ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক মাধ্যমতহে প্ৰকাশ কৰা হ’ব[4][5]

শেহতীয়া সংযোজন[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

অক্সফৰ্ড ইংৰাজী অভিধানত তলত দিয়া প্ৰায় ৫০০ মান নতুন সংযোজন জুন,২০১৫ ত কৰা হৈছে। ইয়াৰে কিছুমান একেবাৰে নতুন শব্দ , কিছুমান পুৰণি শব্দৰ লগত নতুন উপসংযোজন আৰু কিছুমান পুৰণি শব্দৰ নতুন ভাৱ বা ব্যৱহাৰ।[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

একেবাৰে নতুন শব্দ [New word entries][সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • Antikythera mechanism, n.
  • arré, int.
  • audax, n.
  • autotune, v.
  • autotuned, adj.
  • backronym, n.
  • bahala na, int.
  • balikbayan, n.
  • baon, n.
  • barangay, n.
  • barkada, n.
  • barong tagalog, n.
  • barong, n.
  • baro’t saya, n.
  • batchmate, n.
  • bhelpuri, n.
  • biomethane, n.
  • birdhouse, n.
  • blazar, n.
  • blue star, n. and adj.
  • bluff charge, n.
  • bluff-charge, v.
  • bluff-charging, n.
  • Blu-ray, n.
  • boiler room, n.
  • brûlée, n.
  • brûlée, v.
  • bukkake, n.
  • buko, n.
  • camming, n.
  • carcade, n.
  • carnap, v.
  • carnapper, n.
  • carnapping, n.
  • chiffonade, v.
  • chiffonaded, adj.
  • choss, n.
  • chossy, adj.
  • Christianist, n. and adj.
  • churidar, n.
  • cisgender, adj. and n.
  • cluster, n.
  • coasteering, n.
  • colourism

নতুন উপসংযোজন (পুৰণি শব্দৰ লগত) [New sub-entries][সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • decimalized
  • (to be) (a specified age); going on (another age)
  • bachelorette party
  • barbecue stopper
  • box step
  • breadcrumb trail
  • break and enter
  • bridge-and-tunnel
  • broken-heart syndrome
  • bumper sticker
  • bush tucker
  • cake pop
  • cap and trade
  • cask strength
  • CFL
  • change of scene
  • change of scenery
  • checkout
  • climbing wall
  • comedy circuit
  • comedy club
  • comedy genius
  • comedy sketch
  • comedy skit
  • comfort room
  • comic genius
  • comic novel
  • comic novelist
  • comic singer
  • comic timing
  • comic valentine
  • contingency table
  • covenant theology
  • cream of the crop
  • cry-it-out
  • dark triad
  • deciduous tooth
  • decision engine
  • decision height
  • decision model
  • decision rule
  • decision speed
  • decision support system
  • decision system
  • decision table
  • decision variable
  • decisional law
  • decisory oath
  • deep web
  • devil’s food
  • devil’s food cake
  • dirty kitchen
  • double denim
  • double-dip recession
  • drum break
  • drum circle
  • drum corps
  • drum pad
  • drum plotter
  • drum printer
  • drum ring
  • drum riser
  • drum sander
  • drum scanner
  • drum stool
  • drum track
  • drum-beater
  • drumstick allium
  • drumstick primrose
  • drumstick primula
  • drum-tight
  • go-carting
  • scentlessness
  • specialling
  • eccentric contraction
  • emergency room
  • end-stage
  • enough to be going on with
  • expectational
  • expectably
  • expectant right
  • expected utility
  • false widow
  • false widow spider
  • Fed funds
  • Fed funds rate
  • Fed funds target
  • federal agent
  • federal aid
  • federal case
  • Federal City
  • federal marshal
  • federal salute
  • fibre art
  • fibre artist
  • first going off
  • flag fall
  • floating point
  • FOMO
  • freshwater shrimp
  • Frisbee golf
  • front nine
  • gag reflex
  • gastric band
  • gastric banding
  • gem squash
  • glow stick
  • go away with you
  • go for it!
  • go in and win
  • go-aheadivity
  • go-cup
  • go-go boot
  • going days
  • going forward
  • going forwards
  • going off
  • going on—
  • going on for
  • going on towards
  • go-to-sleep
  • graffiti knitter
  • graffiti knitting
  • graphic abbreviation
  • Greek yogurt
  • grow operation
  • guerrilla art
  • guerrilla artist
  • guerrilla gardener
  • guerrilla gardening
  • guerrilla knitting
  • guerrilla marketing
  • guerrilla theatre
  • hard charger
  • hard clam
  • hard coral
  • hard ecu
  • hard error
  • hard feeling
  • hard man
  • hard nut
  • hard pewter
  • hard point
  • hard sphere
  • hard time
  • hard yards
  • hard-anodized
  • hardbag
  • hard-charging
  • hard-cooked
  • hardened steel
  • hardening leather
  • hardening skin
  • hard-leafed
  • hardpack
  • hard-packed
  • hard-shelled clam
  • hardstep
  • hardware cloth
  • hardwood cutting
  • hardy hole
  • health tourism
  • health tourist
  • heat exhaustion
  • I don’t go much on
  • in special measures
  • inkjet
  • inkjet printer
  • inkjet printing
  • internationalized
  • Internal Affairs
  • Internal Affairs Bureau
  • Internal Affairs Division
  • internal displacement
  • internal ear
  • internal fertilization
  • internal memory
  • internal modem
  • internal reserve
  • internal resistance
  • internal rhyme
  • internal skeleton
  • international airspace
  • International Klein Blue
  • international relations
  • international water
  • international waterway
  • Internet address
  • Internet banking
  • Internet browser
  • Internet chat room
  • Internet connectivity
  • Internet filtering
  • Internet forum
  • Internet gateway
  • Internet kiosk
  • Internet of things
  • Internet radio
  • Internet search
  • Internet shopping
  • Internet startup
  • Internet traffic
  • Internet worm
  • Internet-capable
  • Internet-enabled
  • Internet-ready
  • internuncial neuron
  • interstellar medium
  • issue desk
  • issue estoppel
  • issue-based
  • issue-oriented
  • Japanese knotweed
  • just go with it!
  • kerb appeal
  • kitchen roll
  • kitchen towel
  • limescale
  • little gem squash
  • lobster palace
  • lolly water
  • no hard feelings
  • online auction
  • online banking
  • online chat
  • online community
  • online database
  • online forum
  • online gambling
  • online game
  • online magazine
  • online newspaper
  • online radio
  • online search
  • online service provider
  • online shopping
  • online store
  • sae-tree
  • said-same
  • sausage sizzle
  • say bombasie
  • say work
  • scene building
  • scene-chewing
  • scenery-chewing
  • scent hound
  • scent trail
  • scent-free
  • SD card
  • sea oats
  • service stripe
  • share option
  • shirtfront
  • shuttle run
  • soft coral
  • solar maximum
  • solar maximum thermometer
  • solar minimum
  • somatic mutation
  • special adviser
  • special agent
  • special care baby unit
  • special care unit
  • special case
  • special character
  • special collection
  • special dividend
  • special forces
  • special function
  • special guest
  • special hospital
  • special investigation
  • special measures
  • special mention
  • special op
  • special order
  • special police
  • special sense
  • special session
  • special situation
  • special sort
  • special team
  • special teamer
  • speciality chemical
  • special-order
  • specialty of the house
  • spin room
  • stand-up comedy
  • stock option
  • stoppage time
  • storage area network
  • story hour
  • story time
  • summer chafer
  • sure bet
  • sure-grip
  • swimmer’s ear
  • system call
  • system disk
  • system file
  • system tray
  • systematic desensitization
  • systematic geography
  • systematic theologian
  • systemic risk
  • system-wide
  • systolic blood pressure
  • systolic hypertension
  • T.O.
  • T-dot
  • teachable moment
  • that goes for
  • theorbo music
  • theorbo player
  • theoretical framework
  • theoretical model
  • theory test
  • theory-based
  • theory-driven
  • thumb drive
  • thunder snowstorm
  • thundersnow
  • to be going in
  • to be going on—
  • to be going on with
  • to be gone up
  • to deck out
  • to do (also make, put in) the hard yards
  • to do (also serve) hard time
  • to do hard time
  • to do the hard yards
  • to drum up
  • to go adown
  • to go around
  • to go away
  • to go away with
  • to go away with it
  • to go back
  • to go back of
  • to go back on
  • to go back on (also upon)
  • to go back on one’s word
  • to go back upon
  • to go by—
  • to go by the worse
  • to go by the worse (also worst)
  • to go by the worst
  • to go down
  • to go for a sailor
  • to go for a soldier
  • to go for a soldier (also sailor)
  • to go for—
  • to go for it
  • to go forward
  • to go forwards
  • to go in
  • to go in and (come) out
  • to go in and come out
  • to go in and out
  • to go in at
  • to go in for
  • to go in to bat
  • to go off
  • to go off—
  • to go off at (a person)
  • to go off to sleep
  • to go off with
  • to go on
  • to go on—
  • to go out
  • to go out like a light
  • to go out on strike
  • to go out to fight
  • to go over
  • to go over to Rome
  • to go round
  • to go through
  • to go through—
  • to go together
  • to go under
  • to go up
  • to go up to (a person)
  • to go with—
  • to go with it
  • to have (something) going for one
  • to make a federal case out of
  • to make the hard yards
  • to put in the hard yards
  • to say before
  • to serve hard time
  • to shut up
  • top rope
  • tramp stamp
  • tree of life
  • trending
  • two-four
  • two-spirited
  • UP
  • weather bomb
  • wet wipe
  • wintry mix
  • young adult offender
  • Young Democrat
  • young gentleman
  • Young Republican
  • young-earther
  • young-earth creationist
  • younger-looking

পুৰণি শব্দৰ নতুন ভাৱ [New senses][সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • advanced, adj.
  • bit, n.2
  • Bolognese, adj. and n.
  • bread-crumb, n.
  • cam, n.1
  • camp, n.2
  • chatter, n.1
  • check, v.1
  • cleat, n.
  • comment, v.
  • cottager, n.
  • crux, n.
  • cry, v.
  • diva, n.
  • document, n.
  • double dip, n.
  • eat, v.
  • eccentric, adj. and n.
  • filling, n.
  • finish, n.
  • finish, v.
  • fish, n.4
  • flip, v.
  • furlough, n.
  • furlough, v.
  • furloughed, adj.
  • gear, n.
  • gem, n.
  • gimmick, n.
  • guard, v.
  • guerrilla

==তথ্য সংগ্ৰহ==প্ৰশংসাৰ ইংৰাজী অথ্

  1. "Guide to the Third Edition of the OED". Oxford University Press. http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/guide-to-the-third-edition-of-the-oed/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 30 August 2014. "The Oxford English Dictionary is not an arbiter of proper usage, despite its widespread reputation to the contrary. The Dictionary is intended to be descriptive, not prescriptive. In other words, its content should be viewed as an objective reflection of English language usage, not a subjective collection of usage ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’." 
  2. "As a historical dictionary, the OED is very different from those of current English, in which the focus is on present-day meanings." [1]
  3. "The OED is a historical dictionary, with a structure that is very different from that of a dictionary of current English."[2]
  4. Jamieson, Alastair (29 August 2010). "Oxford English Dictionary 'will not be printed again'". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/booknews/7970391/Oxford-English-Dictionary-will-not-be-printed-again.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 11 August 2012. 
  5. Flanagan, Padraic (20 April 2014). "RIP for OED as world's finest dictionary goes out of print". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/10777079/RIP-for-OED-as-worlds-finest-dictionary-goes-out-of-print.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 8 June 2014. 
  6. http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/recent-updates-to-the-oed/june-2015-update/new-words-list-june-2015/
  7. http://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-33265370
  8. http://www.indiatimes.com/news/world/oxford-dictionary-adds-new-words-to-the-list-revises-meaning-of-twerk-234027.html
  9. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jun/25/twerking-twitterati-fo-shizzle-meh-oxford-english-dictionary-new-words
  10. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3138335/Miley-Cyrus-didn-t-invent-twerking-Michelle-Obama-responsible-FLOTUS-according-OED.html
  11. http://wwlp.com/2015/06/30/mass-driver-vulgarity-accepted-into-oxford-dictionary/
  12. http://www.mizonews.net/mizo-news/hindi-words-added-to-oxford-dictionary/229679/
  13. http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/13351377.Yarn_bombers_delighted_to_stitch_up_entry_in_dictionary/
  14. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3140595/Bridge-tunnel-added-Oxford-English-Dictionary-defined-unsophisticated.html
  15. http://www.rappler.com/thewrap/daily-news-highlights-june-25-2015-edition/twerk-dates-back-to-1820-as-twerking-joins-oxford-dictionary-ranks
  16. http://edu.sina.com.cn/en/2015-06-26/094190400.shtml
  17. http://www.cbc.ca/news/trending/canadian-words-d%C3%A9panneur-inukshuk-among-500-new-oxford-dictionary-entries-1.3127277
  18. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/11697708/Twerk-dates-back-to-1820-Oxford-English-Dictionary-claims.html
  19. https://www.bostonglobe.com/lifestyle/2015/06/25/oxford-english-dictionary-makes-masshole-official/mJaPq3OErMFtrQnasOlVMJ/story.html
  20. http://tribune.com.pk/story/909608/twerking-dates-back-to-1820-says-oxford-dictionary/
  21. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/uk/Twerk-added-to-Oxford-dictionary/articleshow/47817816.cms
  22. http://www.westernmorningnews.co.uk/Twerk-dates-1820-says-Oxford-English-Dictionary/story-26765658-detail/story.html