কমলা-বুকুৰ হাইঠা

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
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কমলা-বুকুৰ হাইঠা (Orange-breasted Green Pigeon)
A pair in Wilpattu National Park, Sri Lanka
সংৰক্ষণ স্থিতি
জীৱবৈজ্ঞানিক শ্ৰেণীবিভাজন
জগৎ/ৰাজ্য: Animalia
পৰ্ব: Chordata
শ্ৰেণী: Aves
বৰ্গ: Columbiformes
পৰিয়াল: Columbidae
গণ: Treron
প্ৰজাতি: T. bicinctus
বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম
Treron bicinctus
(Jerdon, 1840)
সমাৰ্থক

Osmotreron bicincta
Vinago bicincta
Dendrophasa bicincta

কমলা-বুকুৰ হাইঠা, (ইংৰাজী: Orange-breasted Green Pigeon , বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম-Treron bicinctus) এবিধ পাৰজাতীয় চৰাইৰ প্ৰজাতি৷ ইয়াক ঘাইকৈ এছিয়াত দেখা পোৱা যায়৷ ই সৰু আকাৰৰ ফল-মূল আদি খাই জীয়াই থাকে৷

বিৱৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

শ্ৰীলংকাত পূৰ্ণবয়স্ক মতা কমলা-বুকুৰ হাইঠা

Similar in appearance to other green pigeons including the Yellow-footed Green Pigeon and the Grey-fronted Green Pigeon but has no maroon on the wing. The male does not have any grey on the head but has a narrow band of lilac on the upper breast with a broader orange band below. The undertail-coverts are cinnamon with the longer feathers edged yellow. The tails is grey above with a broad subterminal dark band. The females are yellow below and lack the orange or lilac bands. The undertail coverts are duller cinnamon with greenish spots. T[2][3] Other populations that have been named as subspecies include domvilii (Swinhoe, 1870) of Hainan Island[4] and javana Robinson & Kloss, 1923 from Java and Bali. Population praetermissa from Thailand is often included in the nominate form.[5]

বিতৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

This is a species of forest and is widely distributed from the Terai and lower Himalayas (below 1500 m) south mainly in the Western and Eastern Ghats and in Sri Lankan forests not far from the coast.[6] They are found in Burma, Thailand the Malay Peninsula, Vietnam, Java and Hainan. Some seasonal movements are suspected as vagrants have been recorded from locations like Sind.[7][8]

আচৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Old illustration (1847)

Orange-breasted Green Pigeons usually occur singly or in small groups. Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general.

খাদ্য[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

They eat seeds and fruits of a wide variety of plants often joining other frugivores at fruiting figs, foraging by slowly walking along branches. They are known to feed on Strychnos nux-vomica, the fruits of which are toxic to mammals. They are sometimes seen on the ground. ===প্ৰজনন=== The breeding season in India is March to September but mainly before June. In Sri Lanka, they breed mainly from December to May. The nest is the typical flimsy platform of a few twigs in which two white eggs are laid. Both sexes incubate and eggs hatch in about 12 to 14 days.[7][9]

তথ্যসুত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Treron bicinctus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106002634/0। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 5 July 2012. 
  2. Blanford, WT (1898). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Birds. Volume 4. Taylor and Francis, London. পৃষ্ঠা. 11–12. http://www.archive.org/stream/birdsindia04oaterich#page/11/mode/1up/. 
  3. Hartert, E (1927). "Types of birds in the Tring Museum". Novitates Zoologicae খণ্ড 34 (1): 1–38. http://www.archive.org/stream/novitateszoologi34lond#page/3/mode/1up/. 
  4. Hartert, E (1910). "The birds of hainan". Novitates Zoologicae খণ্ড 17: 189–254. http://www.archive.org/stream/novitateszoologi17lond#page/192/mode/1up. 
  5. Peters, JL (1937). Check-list of birds of the World. Volume 3. প্ৰকাশক Cambridge: Harvard University Press. পৃষ্ঠা. 19–20. http://www.archive.org/stream/checklistofbirds31937pete#page/18/mode/1up/. 
  6. Ferguson,HS; Bourdillon,TF (1904). "The birds of Travancore with notes on their nidification. Part III.". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. খণ্ড 16 (1): 1–18. http://www.archive.org/stream/journalofbombayn16abomb#page/1/mode/1up/. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 উদ্ধৃতি ত্ৰুটি: অবৈধ <ref> টেগ; hbk নামৰ refৰ বাবে কোনো পাঠ্য প্ৰদান কৰা হোৱা নাই
  8. Eates, KR (1938). "Occurrence of the Lesser Orange-breasted Green Pigeon (Dendrophasa bicincta bicincta) at Keamari, Sind". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. খণ্ড 40 (2): 330–331. 
  9. Baker, EC Stuart (1913). Indian pigeons and doves. Witherby and Co.. পৃষ্ঠা. 49–55. http://www.archive.org/stream/indianpigeonsdov00bake#page/49/mode/1up. 

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]