পেলে

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
পেলে
Pele - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2006.jpg
২০১৭ চনত পেলে
ব্যক্তিগত তথ্য
সম্পূৰ্ণ নাম এড্‌ছন আৰাণ্টিছ ড' নাচিমেণ্ট'[1]
জন্ম ২১ অক্টোবৰ, ১৯৪০[1]
জন্মস্থান ট্ৰে ক'ৰেক'ছ, ব্ৰাজিল
উচ্চতা Lua error in Module:Convert at line 1778: attempt to index field 'en_option_name' (a nil value).
খেলা স্থান ফৰৱাৰ্ড[2][3][4][5]
এটেকিং মিড্‌ফিল্ডাৰ[6][7][8][9][10]
যুৱ কেৰিয়াৰ
১৯৫৩-১৯৫৬ Bauru Atlético Clube
চিনিয়'ৰ কেৰিয়াৰ*
বৰ্ষ দল অংশগ্ৰহণ (গ'ল)
১৯৫৬-১৯৭৪ ছেণ্ট'ছ ৬৩৮ (৬১৯)
১৯৭৫-১৯৭৭ নিউ য়ৰ্ক ক'ছম'ছ[11] ৫৬ (৩১)
মুঠ ৬৯৪ (৬৫০)
ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় দল
১৯৫৭-১৯৭১ ব্ৰাজিল ৯২ (৭৭)
* চিনিয়'ৰ ক্লাব অংশগ্ৰহণ আৰু গ'লৰ সংখ্যা কেৱল ঘৰুৱা লীগৰ বাবেহে.

এড্‌ছন আৰাণ্টিছ ড' নাচিমেণ্ট' (Edson Arantes do Nascimento) (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈɛtsõ (w)ɐˈɾɐ̃tʃiz du nɐsiˈmẽtu]), বা Pelé (Brazilian Portuguese: [pe̞ˈlɛ], জন্মৰ প্ৰমাণপত্ৰত নামটো "এডিছন" বুলি দিয়া হৈছিল, জন্ম ২১ অক্টোবৰ ১৯৪০- কিন্তু পেলেৰ মতে তেওঁৰ জন্ম ২৩ অক্টোবৰতহে হৈছিল[1]), এজন প্ৰাক্তন ব্ৰাজিলিয়ান ফুটবলাৰ। তেওঁক বহু কুশলী ব্যক্তি, সমালোচক, পূৰ্বৰ বা বৰ্তমানৰ খেলুৱৈ আৰু গুণগ্ৰাহীয়ে সৰ্বকালৰ শ্ৰেষ্ঠ ফুটবল খেলুৱৈ হিচাপে গণ্য কৰে।[12] ১৯৯৯ চনত International Federation of Football History & Statistics সংস্থাই তেওঁক শতিকাৰ বিশ্ব খেলুৱৈ (World Player of the Century) উপাধি প্ৰদান কৰে।[13] একে বছৰতে প্ৰভাৱশালী France Football আলোচনীয়ে পূৰ্বৰ বেলন ডিঅ'ৰ বিজয়ীসকলক শতিকাৰ শ্ৰেষ্ঠ ফুটবল খেলুৱৈ বাছনি কৰিবলৈ অনুৰোধ কৰে। পেলে‌ই ইয়াত প্ৰথম স্থান দখল কৰে।[14] ১৯৯৯ চনত আন্তঃৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় অলিম্পিক সমিতিয়ে পেলেক "শতিকাৰ এথলীট" আখ্যা দিয়ে আৰু তেওঁ টাইম (আলোচনী)ৰ বিংশ শতিকাৰ ১০০ জন প্ৰভাৱশালী ব্যক্তিৰ তালিকাতো স্থান পায়।[15]২০১৩ চনত তেওঁ কেৰিয়াৰ আৰু সফলতাৰ বাবে ফিফা বেলন ডিঅ'ৰ সন্মান লাভ কৰে।[16]

IFFHS-ৰ মতে ৫৪১টা লীগ গ'লেৰে পেলে বিশ্বৰ সকলোতকৈ সফল লীগ গ'ল স্ক'ৰাৰ।[17] পেলে‌ই মুঠ ১৩৬৩ খন খেলত ১২৮১টা গ'ল কৰিছিল যাৰ বাবে গিনিজ বিশ্ব ৰেকৰ্ডৰ তৰফৰ পৰা ফুটবলৰ সৰ্বোচ্চ কেৰিয়াৰ গ'ল দিওঁতা হিচাপে তেওঁক সন্মান জনোৱা হয়।[18] খেলুৱৈ কালত কিছু সময়ৰ বাবে পেলে পৃথিৱীৰ সৰ্বাধিক প্ৰাৰিশ্ৰমিক লাভ কৰা এথলীত আছিল।[19] ফুটবলত লাভ কৰা সফলতাৰ বাবে আৰু দুখীয়াৰ সামাজিক অৱস্থা উন্নত কৰিবলৈ তেওঁৰ সমৰ্থনৰ বাবে ব্ৰাজিলত তেওঁক ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় নায়কৰূপে গণ্য কৰা হয়।[20] ১৯৬১ চনত ৰাষ্ট্ৰপতি জেনিঅ' কোৱাড্ৰ'ছে পেলেক "ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় সম্পদ" বুলি ঘোষণা কৰিছিল।[21]

কেৰিয়াৰৰ সময়ছোৱাত পেলে "ক'লা মুকুতা" (The Black Pearl/Pérola Negra), "ফুটবলৰ ৰজা" (The King of Football/O Rei do Futebol), "ৰজা পেলে" (The King Pelé/O Rei Pelé) বা "ৰজা" (O Rei) নামেৰে প্ৰসিদ্ধ আছিল।[22]

পেলে‌ই ছেণ্ট'ছ ক্লাবৰ হৈ ১৫ বছৰ আৰু ব্ৰাজিল ৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় ফুটবল দলৰ হৈ ১৬ বছৰ বয়সত খেলা আৰম্ভ কৰে। তেওঁ ১৯৫৮, ১৯৬২ আৰু ১৯৭০ চনত তিনিটা ফিফা বিশ্বকাপ লাভ কৰিছিল। এনে সফলতা পোৱা তেওঁ বিশ্বৰ একমাত্ৰ খেলুৱৈ। জাতীয় দলৰ তেওঁ সৰ্বকালৰ শ্ৰেষ্ঠ গ'লস্ক'ৰাৰো।[23] ছেণ্ট'ছ দলৰ হৈও তেওঁ অভিলেখ সংখ্যক গ'ল দিছিল আৰু ১৯৬২ আৰু ১৯৬৩ দলটোৱে ক'পা লিবাৰ্টাড'ৰ্ছ খিতাপ দখলত সহায় কৰিছিল।[24] পেলেৰ তড়িৎ গতিৰ খেল আৰু দৃষ্টিনন্দন গ'লে তেওঁক পৃথিৱীৰ সকলো ঠাইতে তাৰকা কৰি তুলিছিল। তেওঁৰ জনপ্ৰিয়তাৰ সুযোগ লৈ ছেণ্ট'ছ দলে প্ৰায়েই আন্তঃৰাষ্ট্ৰীয় ভ্ৰমণ কৰি বিভিন্ন খেলত অংশ লৈছিল।[25]

১৯৭৭ চনত অৱসৰ গ্ৰহণ কৰাৰ পিছত পেলেই বিশ্বজুৰি ফুটবলৰ ৰাজ-দূত (ambassador) হিচাপে কাম কৰিছে আৰু বিভিন্ন অভিনয় আৰু বাণিজ্যিক কামত হাত দিছে। ২০১০ চনত তেওঁক নিউ য়ৰ্ক ক'ছম'ছ দলৰ সন্মানীয় সভাপতি নিৰ্বাচিত কৰা হয়।[26]

তথ্যসূত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Official forename and birth date, as written on his birth certificate, are "Edison" and "21 October 1940":

    CERTIDÃO DE NASCIMENTO


    CERTIFICO que sob o n° 7.095 às fls. 123 do livro n° 21-A de Registro de Nascimento consta o assento de Edison Arantes do Nascimento nascido aos vinte e um (21) outubro de mil novecentos e quarenta (1940) às 03 horas e --- minutos em esta Cidade de Três Corações sexo masculino filho de João Ramos do Nascimento e de Celeste Arantes


    However, Pelé has always maintained that those are mistakes, that he was actually named Edson and that he was born on 23 October 1940.

    Pelé; Orlando Duarte, Alex Bellos (2006). Pelé : the autobiography. প্ৰকাশক London: Simon & Schuster UK Ltd. পৃষ্ঠা. 14. ISBN 978-0-7432-7582-8. http://books.simonandschuster.com.au/Pele-The-Autobiography/Pele/9781416511212/excerpt_with_id/6070। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2 October 2010. "Shortly before I came along, there was another arrival in Três Corações: electricity. In order to celebrate this great improvement to our daily lives, Dondinho named me Edson, a tribute to Thomas Edison, the inventor of the lightbulb. In fact, on my birth certificate I am actually called Edison with an 'i', a mistake that persists to this day. I'm Edson with no 'i', but to my eternal annoyance quite often the 'i' appears on official or personal documents and time after time I have to explain why. As if that wasn't confusing enough, they got the date wrong on my birth certificate as well – it says 21 October. I'm not sure how this came about; probably because in Brazil we're not so fussy about accuracy. This is another mistake that carries on to this day. When I took out my first passport, the date was put in as 21 October and each time I have renewed it the date has stayed the same." 

  2. "Pelé and Maradona - two very different number tens". FIFA.com. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  3. Arantes, Edson (2007). My Life and the Beautiful Game: The Autobiography of Pele. Skyhorse Publishing. পৃষ্ঠা. 108,. ISBN 1602391963. 
  4. "The Great Creators". FIFA.com. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  5. "Pele edges Eusebio as Santos defend title". FIFA.com. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  6. Pelé: The Autobiography. প্ৰকাশক London: Simon & Schuster UK Ltd. 2006. পৃষ্ঠা. 41,. ISBN 978-1416511212. 
  7. "Santos profile: Pele" . Santos Futbol Clube. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  8. "Attacking midfielder/‘Hole’ player" . Talk Football. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  9. Pele: Xavi. FIFA.com. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  10. Quand Pelé rêvait d'être Xavi . L'equipe. Retrieved 14 October 2012
  11. "NASL Player Profile – Pele". Nasljerseys.com. http://www.nasljerseys.com/Players/P/Pele.htm। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 12 June 2010সাঁচ:Inconsistent citations 
  12. Pele: The greatest of them all FIFA.com
    The Best of The Best. RSSF.com
    "What they said about Pele". FIFA.com.
    -Bobby Moore: "Pele was the most complete player I've ever seen, he had everything. Two good feet. Magic in the air. Quick. Powerful. Could beat people with skill. Could outrun people. Only 5 ft 8 in tall, yet he seemed a giant of an athlete on the pitch. Perfect balance and impossible vision. He was the greatest because he could do anything and everything on a football pitch. I remember Saldhana the coach being asked by a Brazilian journalist who was the best goalkeeper in his squad. He said Pele. The man could play in any position." Independent.co.uk
    -Ferenc Puskas: “The greatest player in history was Di Stefano. I refuse to classify Pele as a player. He was above that." FIFA.com
    -José Mourinho: "I think he is football. You have the real special one - Mr Pele." BBC Sport
    -Nevio Scala: "Pelé will always be the number one for me."
    -Sir Alex Ferguson: "Question:-Best player you ever saw? -AF: Pelé, di Stefano, Maradona, Cruyff. -Q:In that order? -AF: Yes, I think so." Newstatesman.com
    -Romario: "Messi has all the conditions to be the best, but first he has to beat Maradona, Romario and then eventually Pele." Mtnfootball.com
    -Costa Pereira: “I arrived hoping to stop a great man, but I went away convinced I had been undone by someone who was not born on the same planet as the rest of us." FIFA.com
    -Michel Platini: "There's Pele the man, and then Pele the player. And to play like Pele is to play like God."
    -Luiz Felipe Scolari: “Messi is one of the three best in the world. He's living a great moment. But for me Pele remains the best and will be for years.”
    -Eusebio: "Pele played in an era which had so many great players and in that atmosphere he stood out above the others. He was the complete player in every aspect as well as being a kind human being. Cristiano Ronaldo is young yet, and has many years ahead of himself. But as of now, I do not see anyone who can compare with Pele" Lacancha.com
    -Johan Cruyff: "Pele was the only footballer who surpassed the boundaries of logic." FIFA.com
    -Alfredo Di Stefano: "The best player ever? Pele. Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo are both great players with specific qualities, but Pele was better." Goal.com goal.com
    -Sir Bobby Charlton: “I sometimes feel as though football was invented for this magical player." FIFA.com
    -Tostao: "Pele was the greatest – he was simply flawless. And off the pitch he is always smiling and upbeat. You never see him bad-tempered. He loves being Pele."
    -Zico: "This debate about the player of the century is absurd. There's only one possible answer: Pele. He's the greatest player of all time, and by some distance I might add."
    -Franz Beckenbauer: "Pele is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for 20 years. All the others - Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini - rank beneath him. There's no one to compare with Pele." -
    -Tarcisio Burgnich: "Before the match, I told myself that Pele was just flesh and bones like the rest of us. Later I realised I'd been wrong."
    -Cesar Luis Menotti: "The best of all was Pele, who is a mixture of Di Stefano, Maradona, Cruyff and Leo Messi." Goal.com
    -Cesar Luis Menotti: "It's ugly to compare but the greatest was Pele. If we believe that God made man, the "black" Pelé he made him perfect. He gave him everything. He lacked nothing, header, physical power, dribbling, finishing, inspiration, genius, temper, vision, goal. Everything."
    -Gianni Rivera: "However, I do think there's someone who was even better(than Messi) and that's Pele. He used both feet on the pitch. He was as dangerous with his right as he was with his left. He was strong in the air as well, and created a lot of chances." Soccerway.com
    -Hugo Gatti: "Pelé had the skin of a player, head, pace, everything. He was a panther dressed in white, I played with him. He entered to play in the last minute and he could turn the match. And the big difference is that Pelé on the field created fear, Maradona not...For me, it is Pelé, Alfredo Di Stefano and Maradona, in that order. I appreciate Diego, he is a great player. But from another planet was Pelé, not him." Diariomundonuevo.com
    -Teófilo Cubillas: "I confronted him several times on the pitch and I think there will be no one like him."
    -Zito: "Maradona was a great forward and a great player, but he is not Pele. I can't compare him to Pele..." Goal.com
    -Mario Zagallo: "Pele represented everything in soccer because of what he has done on the pitch."
    -Cristiano Ronaldo: "Pele is the greatest player in football history, and there would only be one Pele in the world." Goal.com
    -Geoffrey Green: "Di Stefano was manufactured on earth, Pele was made in heaven." Goal.com
    "The Best of The Best". Rsssf.com. 19 June 2009. http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/bestbest.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 12 June 2010. 
    http://www.goal.com/en/news/12/spain/2012/09/10/3366174/pele-was-better-than-messi-cristiano-ronaldo-says-di-stefano

    The Best x Players of the Century/All-Time. RSSF.com
    Pele tops World Cup legends poll BBC News
    Messi better than Maradona but not Pele
    Over 50 per cent of Goal.com UK readers believe Brazilian legend Pele was a greater player than Diego Maradona Goal.com. Retrieved 1 May 2011
    World Soccer Players of the Century England Football Online Retrieved 1 May 2011
    THE LIST: The greatest players in the history of football Daily Mail.
    title=Pelé "The King" to be crowned in Monte Carlo at 10th edition of the "Golden Foot" Awards GoldenFoot
    IFFHS' Century Elections. RSSF.com
  13. Ingo Faulhaber. "IFFHS". Iffhs.de. http://www.iffhs.de/?42d03e32a16f43809fa3c17c13c09e20a15ff3c09f32b17f7370eff3702bb1c2bbb6e28fc380de43110f83d00e09। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
  14. France Football's Football Player of the Century Retrieved 1 May 2011
  15. Kissinger, Henry (14 June 1999). "The Time 100, Heroes and icons — Pelé". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/pele01.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 1 October 2006. 
  16. "Pele receives FIFA Ballon d’Or Prix d’Honneur". FIFA.com. Retrieved 14 January 2014
  17. Ingo Faulhaber. "IFFHS". Iffhs.de. http://www.iffhs.de/?7e4a952bd814fc4d813e8a81be4ac0385fdcdc3bfcdc0aec70aeecf8a3c0d84411। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
  18. PELÉ: The King of Football FIFA.com.
    title=Pelé, Olé! - Statistics of Pelé's Career
    Pelé honoured with two Guinness World Records achievements in London. Guinness World Records.
    Most Career Goals (football). Guinness World Records
  19. Ebony - Google Books. Books.google.se. http://books.google.se/books?id=d04FVw8V0YoC&pg=PA62&lpg=PA62&dq=pele+best+paid+athlete+in+the+world&source=bl&ots=eX-x-0ihUZ&sig=l1DBx-qu4_32DtLdUZkb7Wllj_U&hl=en&sa=X&ei=EFJcUMrfJLT24QSBuYHQBw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=pele%20best%20paid%20athlete%20in%20the%20world&f=false। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
  20. Harris, Harry (2002), Pelé: his life and times. p.190. Welcome Rain Publishers. Retrieved 27 June 2011
    "Pelé, King of Futbol" ESPN| accessdate =1 October 2006
  21. উদ্ধৃতি ত্ৰুটি: অবৈধ <ref> টেগ; ReferenceB নামৰ refৰ বাবে কোনো পাঠ্য প্ৰদান কৰা হোৱা নাই
  22. "Pele (Brazilian athlete) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/449124/Pele। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
    Various from many of his biographies, See for example [1] 3rd section, last line: " 'The King' was given to Pelé by the French press in 1961 after he played a few matches with SFC in Europe" Or the already quote [2] Or the book "Pele, King of Soccer/Pele, El rey del futbol – Monica Brown (Author) & Rudy Gutierrez (Illustrator) Rayo Publishing Dec.2008 ISBN 978-0-06-122779-0 "
    "Pele (soccer player) Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pele (soccer player)". Encyclopedia.com. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Pele_(soccer_player).aspx। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
  23. 10 World Cup Gods! Our look at the best of the best in World Cup history Mail Online. Retrieved 10 May 2011
  24. "Intercontinental Cups 1962 and 1963". FIFA.com.19 November 2012
  25. "Pele". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online
    "Pele's Santos go global". FIFA.com. http://www.fifa.com/clubworldcup/news/newsid=1692079/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 19 November 2012. 
  26. Bell, Jack (1 August 2010). "Cosmos Begin Anew, With Eye Toward M.L.S". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/02/sports/soccer/02cosmos.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 4 August 2010. 

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]