বাৰীসুন্দৰী

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
বাৰীসুন্দৰী (Asian Paradise Flycatcher)
Adult male in Sri Lanka
সংৰক্ষণ স্থিতি
জীৱবৈজ্ঞানিক শ্ৰেণীবিভাজন
জগৎ/ৰাজ্য: Animalia
পৰ্ব: Chordata
শ্ৰেণী: Aves
বৰ্গ: Passeriformes
পৰিয়াল: Monarchidae
গণ: Terpsiphone
প্ৰজাতি: T. paradisi
বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম
Terpsiphone paradisi
(Linnaeus, 1758)
সমাৰ্থক

Tchitrea paradisi

বাৰীসুন্দৰী[2](ইংৰাজী: Asian Paradise Flycatcher, বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম-Terpsiphone paradisi) এটা মজলীয়া আকাৰৰ আৰু এছিয়া মহাদেশৰ স্থানীয় চৰাইৰ প্ৰজাতি৷ বাৰীসুন্দৰীৰ মতা চৰাইৰ নেজ অতি দীঘল৷ কিছুমানত ই মাখন বৰণীয়া আৰু অন্য কিছুমানত ইয়াৰ বৰণ বগা হয়৷ মাইকী বাৰীসুন্দৰীৰ নেজ চুটি, ডেউকা মাখন বৰণীয়া আৰু মূৰ অংশ ক'লা হয়৷ ইহঁতে ঘাইকৈ পোক-পতংগ আদি খাই জীয়াই থাকে৷

টেক্স'নমি[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

According to Linné’s first description Asian Paradise Flycatchers were only distributed in India.[3] Later ornithologists observed this spectacular bird in other Asian countries, and based on differences in plumage of males described several subspecies, of which the following 14 are recognized today:[4]

  • T. p. paradisi (Linnaeus, 1758) breeds in central and southern India, central Bangladesh and south-western Myanmar; populations occurring in Sri Lanka in the winter season are non-breeding.[5]
  • T. p. leucogaster (Swainson, 1838) breeds in the western Tian Shan, in Afghanistan, in the north of Pakistan, in northwestern and central India, in Nepal’s western and central regions; populations occurring in the east of Pakistan and in the south of India migrate towards the foothills of the Himalayas in spring for breeding.[5]
  • T. p. affinis (Blyth, 1846) inhabits Malaysia and Sumatra.
  • T. p. incei (Gould, 1852) breeds in eastern, northeastern and central China, in the Russian Far East and in the north of Korea; populations occurring in Southeast Asia are non-breeding.
  • T. p. insularis (Salvadori, 1887) inhabits the island Nias off the western coast of Sumatra.
  • T. p. nicobarica (Oates, 1890) inhabits the Nicobar Islands.
  • T. p. sumbaensis (Meyer, 1894) inhabits the Lesser Sunda Island Sumba.
  • T. p. floris (Büttikofer, 1894) inhabits the Lesser Sunda Islands Sumbawa, Flores, Lomblen and Alor Island.
  • T. p. procera (Richmond, 1903) inhabits the island Simeuluë northwest off the coast of Sumatra.
  • T. p. ceylonensis (Zarudny & Harms, 1912) inhabits Sri Lanka.
  • T. p. borneensis (Hartert, 1916) inhabits Borneo.
  • T. p. saturatior (Salomonsen, 1933) breeds in the eastern parts of Nepal and northeastern India, in eastern Bangladesh and northern Myanmar; populations occurring in Malaysia migrate northward for breeding.[5]
  • T. p. burmae (Salomonsen, 1933) inhabits the central region of Myanmar.
  • T. p. indochinensis (Salomonsen, 1933) inhabits the eastern regions of Myanmar, Yunnan in the south of China, migrates through Thailand and Indochina to Malaysia, Sumatra and the neighboring islands.

বিৱৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Adult Asian Paradise Flycatchers are Lua error in Module:Convert at line 1769: attempt to index field 'en_option_name' (a nil value). long. Their heads are glossy black with a black crown and crest, their black bill round and sturdy, their eyes black. Female are rufous on the back with a greyish throat and underparts. Their wings are Lua error in Module:Convert at line 1769: attempt to index field 'en_option_name' (a nil value). long. Young males look very much like females but have a black throat and blue-ringed eyes. As adults they develop up to Lua error in Module:Convert at line 1769: attempt to index field 'en_option_name' (a nil value). long tail feathers with two central tail feathers growing up to Lua error in Module:Convert at line 1769: attempt to index field 'en_option_name' (a nil value). long drooping streamers.

Young males are rufous and have short tails. They acquire long tails in their second or third year. Adult males are either predominantly bright rufous above or predominantly white. Some specimens show some degree of intermediacy between rufous and white. [6]The relative frequency of the rufous and white plumage types varies geographically.

বিতৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Adult male T.p. leucogaster in Himachal Pradesh
Sub-adult male T.p. leucogaster in Ranthambhore National Park, Rajasthan

Asian Paradise-flycatchers inhabit thick forests and well-wooded habitats from Turkestan to Manchuria, all over India and Sri Lanka to the Malay Archipelago on the islands of Sumba and Alor.[4]

They are migratory and spend the winter season in tropical Asia. There are resident populations in southern India and Sri Lanka, hence both visiting migrants and the locally breeding subspecies occur in these areas in winter.[7][8]

আচৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Female leucogaster on nest
Sub-adult male on nest in Andhra Pradesh, India

Asian Paradise Flycatchers are noisy birds uttering sharp skreek calls. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched prominently, like a shrike. They are insectivorous and hunt in flight in the understorey. In the afternoons they dive from perches to bathe in small pools of water.

খাদ্য[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

প্ৰজনন[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The breeding season lasts from May to July.[9] Being socially monogamous both male and female take part in nest-building, incubation, brooding and feeding of the young. The incubation period lasts 14 to 16 days and the nestling period 9 to 12 days.[10] Three or four eggs are laid in a neat cup nest made with twigs and spider webs on the end of a low branch.[5]

আলোকচিত্ৰৰ ভঁৰাল[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

তথ্যসুত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Terpsiphone paradisi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106006071। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 16 July 2012. 
  2. N.N. Dutta et al, Annals of Biological Research, 2011, 2 (5):374-384
  3. উদ্ধৃতি ত্ৰুটি: অবৈধ <ref> টেগ; linn.C3.A9 নামৰ refৰ বাবে কোনো পাঠ্য প্ৰদান কৰা হোৱা নাই
  4. 4.0 4.1 Coates, B., Dutson, G., Filardi, C., Clement, P., Gregory, P., Moeliker, K. (2007). "Family Monarchidae (Monarch-flycatchers)". In del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Christie, D. A.. Handbook of the Birds of the World – Volume 11. Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. প্ৰকাশক Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. পৃষ্ঠা. 244–295. ISBN 84-96553-06-X. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Rasmussen, P.C, Anderton, J.C. (2005). Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Vol.2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions. পৃষ্ঠা. 332–333. 
  6. Owen, D. F. (1963). "The rufous and white forms of an Asiatic paradise flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradisi". Ardea খণ্ড 51: 230–236. http://ardeajournal.natuurinfo.nl/ardeapdf/a51-230-236.pdf. 
  7. Whistler, H. (1933). "The migration of the Paradise Flycatcher, (Tchitrea paradisi)". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society খণ্ড 36 (2): 498–499. 
  8. Bates, R.S.P. (1932). "Migration of the Paradise Flycatcher Tchitrea paradisi". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society খণ্ড 35 (4): 896–897. 
  9. Hume, A.O. (1890). The nests and eggs of Indian birds. Volume 2. R. H. Porter, London. পৃষ্ঠা. 22–26. http://www.archive.org/stream/nestseggsofindia02humerich#page/22/mode/2up. 
  10. Mizuta, Taku; Satoshi Yamagishi (1998). "Breeding biology of monogamous Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi (Aves: Monarchinae): A special reference to colour dimorphism and exaggerated long tails in male". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology খণ্ড 46 (1): 101–112. http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/46/46rbz101-112.pdf. 

লগতে চাওক[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • Lewis, W.A.S. (1942) The Indian Paradise Flycatcher Tchitrea paradisi paradisi (Linn.). Some notes on a colony breeding near Calcutta. Journal of the Bengal Natural History Society 17 (1): 1–8.
  • Inglis, C.M. (1942) The Indian Paradise Flycatcher Tchitrea paradisi paradisi (Linn.). Journal of the Bengal Natural History Society 17 (2): 50–52.
  • Salomonsen, F. (1933). "Revision of the group Tchitrea affinis Blyth.". Ibis খণ্ড 75 (4): 730–745. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1933.tb03360.x. 

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]