ভূপেন্দ্ৰ নাথ গোস্বামী

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ভূপেন্দ্ৰ নাথ গোস্বামী

জন্ম ১ আগষ্ট, ১৯৫০
পাটবাউসী, বৰপেটা জিলা, অসম, ভাৰত
বাসস্থান পুনে, মহাৰাষ্ট্ৰ, ভাৰত
জাতীয়তা ভাৰতীয়
ক্ষেত্ৰ
প্ৰতিষ্ঠান
শিক্ষানুষ্ঠান
ডক্তৰেল পৰামৰ্শদাতা
জনা যায় ভাৰতীয় মৌচুমীৰ ওপৰত কৰা গৱেষণা
উল্লেখনীয় বঁটা

ভূপেন্দ্ৰ নাথ গোস্বামী (জন্ম ১ আগষ্ট, ১৯৫০ চন) এগৰাকী ভাৰতীয় বতৰবিজ্ঞানী, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) ৰ প্ৰাক্তন ডিৰেক্টৰ [1] আৰু Indian Institute of Science Education and Research ৰ এগৰাকী অধ্যাপক৷ [2] তেওঁ ভাৰতৰ মৌচুমী জলবায়ুৰ ওপৰত কৰা গৱেষণাৰ বাবে প্ৰসিদ্ধ৷ [3] ড৹ গোস্বামী ভাৰতৰ বিভিন্ন বিজ্ঞান প্ৰতিষ্ঠান যেনে ইণ্ডিয়ান নেশ্যনেল চায়েন্স একাডেমী,[4] ইণ্ডিয়ান একাডেমী অব চায়েন্সেছ,[5] নেশ্যনেল একাডেমী অব চায়েন্সেছ [6] আৰু ৱৰ্ল্ড একাডেমী অব চায়েন্সেছ[7] আদিৰ সন্মানীয় সদস্য৷ ১৯৯৫ চনত ভাৰত চৰকাৰৰ বৈজ্ঞানিক গৱেষণাৰ পৰিচালক প্ৰতিষ্ঠান কাউন্সিল অব চায়েন্টিফিক এণ্ড ইণ্ডাষ্ট্ৰীয়েল ৰিচাৰ্ছ (The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) তেওঁক বতৰবিজ্ঞানলৈ আগবঢ়োৱা মূল্যৱান অৱদানৰ স্বীকৃতি স্বৰূপে শান্তি স্বৰূপ ভাটনাগৰ বঁটা প্ৰদান কৰে৷[8]

জীৱনী[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Physical Research Laboratory

১৯৫০ চনৰ এক আগষ্টত অসমবৰপেটা জিলাৰ পাটবাউসীত ড৹ গোস্বামীৰ জন্ম হয়৷ [9] স্কুলীয়া শিক্ষা স্থানীয় বিদ্যালয়ত সম্পূৰ্ণ কৰি তেওঁ ১৯৬৯ চনত কটন মহাবিদ্যালয়ৰ পৰা স্নাতক ডিগ্ৰী লয়৷ [2] ১৯৭১ চনত তেওঁ গুৱাহাটী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ৰ পৰা পদাৰ্থবিজ্ঞান বিভাগত স্নাতকোত্তৰ ডিগ্ৰী লাভ কৰে৷ ইয়াৰ পিছতে ড৹ গোস্বামীয়ে Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) ত বিমলা বুটীৰ তত্ত্বাবধানত ডক্টৰেট ডিগ্ৰীৰ বাবে গৱেষণা আৰম্ভ কৰে৷ ১৯৭৬ চনত তেওঁ গুজৰাট বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ৰ পৰা ডক্টৰেট ডিগ্ৰী লাভ কৰে৷ তেওঁ গৱেষণাৰ বিষয় আছিল-Nonlinear waves in dispersive media and current driven instabilities in magnetoplasmas[10] ইয়াৰ পৰৱৰ্তী দুটা বছৰ তেওঁ পি আৰ এলত গৱেষণা সহকাৰী ( research associate) হিচাপে কাৰ্য্যনিৰ্বাহ কৰে৷ ১৯৭৮ চনত তেওঁ আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰলৈ গৈ প’ষ্ট-ডক্টৰেল গৱেষণাৰ বাবে কেমব্ৰিজ-এম আই টিত Jule Gregory Charney ৰ গৱেষণাগাৰত যোগদান কৰে৷[4] ইয়াত দুবছৰকাল কটোৱাৰ পিছত ড৹ গোস্বামীয়ে আমেৰিকাৰ নেশ্যনেল ৰিচাৰ্ছ কাউন্সিলত গৱেষণা সহকাৰী পদত তিনিবছৰ আৰু অন্তিম বছৰটোত ইউনিভাৰ্ছিটিজ স্পেচ ৰিচাৰ্ছ এছ’ছিয়েছন (Universities Space Research Association) ত বিজ্ঞানী ৰূপে কাৰ্য্যনিৰ্বাহ কৰে৷ [11]

ভাৰতলৈ উভতি অহাৰ পিছত ড৹ গোস্বামীয়ে ১৯৮৩ চনত ভাৰতীয় প্ৰযুক্তিবিদ্যা প্ৰতিষ্ঠান, দিল্লীৰ বতৰবিজ্ঞান কেন্দ্ৰ (Centre for Atmospheric Studies) বৈজ্ঞানিক বিষয়া (Senior Scientific Officer) ৰূপে যোগদান কৰে৷ ১৯৮৫ চনত তেওঁ ভাৰতীয় বিজ্ঞান প্ৰতিষ্ঠানৰ বতৰবিজ্ঞান কেন্দ্ৰ ( Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences) ত সহকাৰী অধ্যাপক পদত যোগ দিয়ে৷ [2] এই কেন্দ্ৰটোত তেওঁ ২০০৬ চনলৈকে কাৰ্য্যনিৰ্বাহ কৰে আৰু ২০০৫ চনত কেন্দ্ৰটোৰ চেয়াৰমেন পদত অধিষ্ঠিত হয়৷ ইয়াৰ মাজতে বিদেশৰো বিভিন্ন উল্লেখযোগ্য প্ৰতিষ্ঠানত তেওঁ অস্থায়ী পদত কাৰ্য্যনিৰ্বাহ কৰে৷ he served as a senior visiting research associate at the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Interactions (1988–89) and Institute for Global Environment and Society (1998) of University of Maryland, went on deputation to the International Centre For Science and High Technology of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) as a consultant from July to August 1992, and had three month-long assignments at the University of Princeton as a visiting research scientist, once in 1994 and twice in 1995.[4] In June 2006, he was appointed as the director of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and he stayed at the post till 2014 when he moved to the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research to hold the MoES Pisharoty Chair Professor at the Earth and Climate Science Department of the institute. He retired from service in November 2015.[2]

Goswami is married to Bandana and the couple has two children, Lipika and Bikiran.[12] The family lives in Pune.[2]

অৱদান[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Indian Ocean Dipole

Goswami is known to have been the first to measure the predictability of tropical climate using coupled ocean-atmosphere system and his studies have widened the understanding of the monsoon dynamics.[13] The principal areas of his studies have been geophysical fluid dynamics and tropical air-sea interactions and he identified a radiative-convective-dynamical feedback mechanism for generating the northward propagating 30-50 day mode, reported to be a first time find.[4] He is also credited with the first time discovery that a convectively coupled gravest Rossby wave is responsible for the observed quasi-biweekly oscillation of monsoon and was a member of the first set of climatologists to discover the Indian Ocean Dipole, a phenomenon where the temperatures alternatively oscillate between the western and eastern side of the Indian Ocean. His findings were first published in an article, A dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean, in Nature in 1999[14] and the article has a citation count of over 1400.[11] His work on the monsoon intraseasonal oscillations[15] for quantifying the seasonal mean monsoon assisted in the development of an extended range prediction system.[11]

Goswami's studies have been detailed in several peer-reviewed articles;[16][note 1] ResearchGate and Google Scholar, two online repositories of scientific articles, have listed 223[17] and 323 of them respectively.[18] He has also mentored 10 scholars in their studies of which five were doctoral researchers.[9] He headed the Monsoon Mission of India project constituted by the Ministry of Earth Sciences for improving the forecast of seasonal and intra-seasonal monsoon[11] and has participated in many workshops on climatology including the Media Workshop on Climate Change organized by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in 2009.[19] He was involved in several projects of various government agencies such as the Department of Science and Technology, National Disaster Management Authority, Science and Engineering Research Council and Indian Climate Research Programme and was associated with the World Climate Research Programme as a member of their National Committee (1995–97) and the CLIVAR Monsoon Panel (1999–2002).[2] He sat in the science education panel (2004–06) and the council (2010–12) of the Indian Academy of Sciences and served as the secretary of the Indian Meteorological Society during 1996–2000 where he is a life member. He is also a member of the American Meteorological Society and has served as a member of the editorial boards of science journals such as Current Science, Mausam, International Journal of Climatology and Planet Earth.[2]

বঁটা আৰু সন্মান[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Goswami received the Om Ashram Prerit Vikram Sarabhai Award of the Physical Research Laboratory in 1994[20] and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, one of the highest Indian science awards in 1995.[21] He received two major awards in 2008, the Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan Medal of the Indian National Science Academy[22] and the Kamal Kumari National Award.[23] He received the 24th Silver Jubilee Award of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in 2011[24] and the VASVIK Industrial Research Award in 2012.[25] The Ministry of Earth Sciences awarded him the National Award in Atmospheric Science and Technology in 2014.[26][27] The Indian Academy of Sciences elected Goswami as its fellow in 1996[5] and the other two major Indian science academies, the National Academy of Sciences, India[6] and the Indian National Science Academy, followed suit in 2000 and 2003 respectively.[4] He became a fellow of The World Academy of Sciences in 2009.[7] He has also delivered several award orations including the Professor K. R. Ramanathan Memorial lecture of 2014.[28]

নিৰ্বাচিত গৱেষণা পত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • Chattopadhyay, R. ; Sahai, A. K. ; Goswami, Bhupendra Nath (2008). "Objective identification of nonlinear convectively coupled phases of monsoon intraseasonal oscillation: implications for prediction". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences খণ্ড 65 (5): 1549–1569. doi:10.1175/2007JAS2474.1. 
  • Chattopadhyay, R. ; Goswami, Bhupendra Nath ; Sahai, A. K. ; Fraedrich, K. (2009). "Role of stratiform rainfall in modifying the northward propagation of monsoon intraseasonal oscillation". Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres খণ্ড 114 (D19). doi:10.1029/2009JD011869. 
  • Mukhopadhyay, P. ; Taraphdar, S. ; Goswami, B. N. ; Krishnakumar, K. (2010). "Indian summer monsoon precipitation climatology in a high-resolution regional climate model: impacts of convective parameterization on systematic biases". Weather and Forecasting খণ্ড 25 (2): 369–387. doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222320.1. 
  • Mujumdar, M. ; Salunke, K. ; Suryachandra Rao, A. ; Ravichandran, M. ; Goswami, B. N. (2011). "Diurnal cycle induced amplification of sea surface temperature Intraseasonal oscillations over the Bay of Bengal in summer monsoon season". IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters খণ্ড 82 (2): 206–210. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2010.2060183. 
  • Saha, Subodh Kumar ; Halder, Subhadeep ; Suryachandra Rao, A. ; Goswami, B. N. (2012). "Modulation of ISOs by land-atmosphere feedback and contribution to the interannual variability of Indian summer monsoon". Journal of Geophysical Research. doi:10.1029/2011JD017291. 

তথ্যসূত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. "India should prepare to face extreme weather, warn scientists". Business Standard. 24 March 2015. http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/india-should-prepare-to-face-extreme-weather-warn-scientists-115032400458_1.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "TWAS profile". The World Academy of Sciences. 2016. http://www.beijing.twas.org/sites/default/files/member/bng-cv-2016.pdf. 
  3. "Brief Profile of the Awardee". Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. 2016. http://ssbprize.gov.in/content/Detail.aspx?AID=466. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Indian fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2016. http://insaindia.res.in/detail.php?id=P03-1335. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Fellow profile". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2016. http://www.ias.ac.in/describe/fellow/Goswami,_Prof._Bhupendra_Nath. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "NASI fellows". National Academy of Sciences, India. 2016. Archived from the original on 2015-08-06. https://web.archive.org/web/20150806211716/http://www.nasi.org.in/Year%20Book%202015.pdf. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "TWAS fellow". The World Academy of Sciences. 2016. http://twas.org/member/goswami-bhupendra-nath. 
  8. "View Bhatnagar Awardees". Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. 2016. http://ssbprize.gov.in/Content/AwardeeList.aspx। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 12 November 2016. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Biography". Asia Oceania Geosciences Society. 2016. http://www.asiaoceania.org/aogs2009/doc/lectures/Bio_Bhupendra%20Nath%20GOSWAMI.pdf. 
  10. "Former Director, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology". Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology. 2016. http://www.tropmet.res.in/~bng/. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Annual Awards 2014". Ministry of Earth Sciences. 2016. http://www.moes.gov.in/writereaddata/files/National_Award_BNGoswami%20-%202014-3.pdf. 
  12. "B. N. Goswami - Profile on IISc". Indian Institute of Science. 2016. http://caos.iisc.ernet.in/faculty/bng/person.html. 
  13. "Handbook of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winners". Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 1999. http://www.csirhrdg.res.in/ssb.pdf. 
  14. N. H. Saji, B. N. Goswami, P. N. Vinayachandran, T. Yamagata (23 September 1999). "A dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean". Nature খণ্ড 401: 360–363. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v401/n6751/abs/401360a0.html. 
  15. B. N. Goswami, R. S. Ajaya Mohan (6 May 1999). "Intraseasonal Oscillations and Interannual Variability of the Indian Summer Monsoon". American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1180:IOAIVO>2.0.CO;2. http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014%3C1180%3AIOAIVO%3E2.0.CO%3B2. 
  16. "Browse by Fellow". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2016. http://repository.ias.ac.in/view/fellows/Goswami=3ABhupendra_Nath=3A=3A.html. 
  17. "On ResearchGate". On ResearchGate. 2016. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/B_N_Goswami/publications. 
  18. "On Google Scholar". Google Scholar. 2016. https://scholar.google.ae/citations?user=RPDTZXsAAAAJ&hl=en. 
  19. "India's monsoon at risk from Greenland's melting ice". SciDevNet. 2 September 2009. http://www.scidev.net/global/earth-science/news/india-s-monsoon-at-risk-from-greenland-s-melting-i.html. 
  20. "Awards/Recognitions/Affiliations". Indian Institute of Science. 2016. http://caos.iisc.ernet.in/faculty/bng/awards.html. 
  21. "Earth Sciences". Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. https://web.archive.org/web/20160303200915/http://www.csir.res.in/external/heads/career/award/BPRIZE/Earth_SCIENCES.htm. 
  22. "The Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan Medal". Indian National Science Academy. 2016. http://insaindia.res.in/recipients.php#1113. 
  23. "Kamal Kumari National Award 2008". E-Pao. 20 April 2009. http://www.e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=25..210409.apr09. 
  24. "Honors on IITM". Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology. 2016. http://www.tropmet.res.in/Awards-9-Page. 
  25. "VASVIK Award". Vividhlaxi Audyogik Samshodhan Vikas Kendra. 2016. http://www.vasvik.org/Environmental_Sciences_&_Technology.html. 
  26. "National Award in Atmospheric Science & Technology". Ministry of Earth Sciences. 2016. http://www.moes.gov.in/content/prof-bhupendra-nath-goswami. 
  27. "Awards (Archive)". Ministry of Earth Sciences. 2016. http://dod.nic.in/awards/archive?theme=moes_orange. 
  28. "K. R. Ramanathan Memorial lecture". Indian Geophysical Union. 2016. http://www.igu.in/lectures.htm. 

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]



উদ্ধৃতি ত্ৰুটি: <ref> টেগ্‌সমূহ "note" নামৰ এটা গোটৰ বাবে আছে, কিন্তু তাৰ <references group="note"/> টেগ্‌ পোৱা নগ'ল