অজগৰ সাপ

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
অজগৰ সাপ (Asiatic reticulated python
সংৰক্ষণ স্থিতি
জীৱবৈজ্ঞানিক শ্ৰেণীবিভাজন
জগৎ/ৰাজ্য: Animalia
পৰ্ব: Chordata
উপপৰ্ব: Vertebrata
শ্ৰেণী: Reptilia
বৰ্গ: Squamata
উপবৰ্গ: Serpentes
পৰিয়াল: Pythonidae
গণ: Python
প্ৰজাতি: P. reticulatus
বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম
Python reticulatus
(Schneider, 1801)[1]
সমাৰ্থক
  • Boa reticulata Schneider, 1801
  • Boa rhombeata Schneider, 1801
  • Boa phrygia Shaw, 1802
  • Coluber javanicus Shaw, 1802
  • Python schneideri Merrem, 1820
  • Python reticulatus Gray, 1842
  • Python reticulatus Boulenger, 1893
  • Morelia reticulatus – Welch, 1988
  • Python reticulatus – Kluge, 1993[2]

অজগৰ সাপ (ইংৰাজী: Asiatic reticulated python, বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম-Python reticulatus) দক্ষিণ-পূব এছিয়াত দেখা পোৱা এবিধ সাপৰ প্ৰজাতি৷[3] বিশ্বৰ আটাইতকৈ দীঘল সাপ হিচাপে ইয়াক আখ্যা দিয়া হয়৷ [4]

বিৱৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

P. reticulatus head

অজগৰ সমগ্ৰ এছিয়া মহাদেশৰ স্থানীয় সাপবোৰৰ ভিতৰত আটাইতকৈ বৃহৎ সাপৰ প্ৰজাতি৷ সুমাত্ৰাত পোৱা প্ৰায়ভাগ অজগৰ সাপৰেই দেহৰ দৈৰ্ঘ্য ১.৫-৬.৫ মিটাৰ পৰ্যন্ত আৰু ওজন ১-৭৫ কিলোগ্ৰাম পৰ্যন্ত হয়৷ [5]

Skull diagram

The color pattern is a complex geometric pattern that incorporates different colors. The back typically has a series of irregular diamond shapes flanked by smaller markings with light centers. In this species' wide geographic range, much variation of size, color, and markings commonly occurs.

বিতৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Reticulated pythons are found in Southeast Asia from the Nicobar Islands, northeast India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Singapore, east through Indonesia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago (Sumatra, the Mentawai Islands, the Natuna Islands, Borneo, Sulawesi, Java, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Timor, Maluku, Tanimbar Islands) and the Philippines

টেক্স'নমি[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Three subspecies have been proposed,[6] but are not recognised in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). The color and size can vary a great deal among the subspecies described. Geographical location is a good key to establishing the subspecies, as each one has a distinct geographical range.

বাসস্থান[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The reticulated python lives in rain forests, woodlands, and nearby grasslands. It is also associated with rivers and is found in areas with nearby streams and lakes. An excellent swimmer, it has even been reported far out at sea and has consequently colonised many small islands within its range. [7]

আচৰণ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

খাদ্য[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Their natural diet includes mammals and occasionally birds. Small specimens up to 3–4 m (10–14 ft) long eat mainly rodents such as rats, whereas larger individuals switch to prey such as Viverridae (e.g. civets and binturongs), and even primates and pigs. Near human habitation, they are known to snatch stray chickens, cats, and dogs on occasion. [8] [9]

প্ৰজনন[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Oviparous, females lay between 15 and 80 eggs per clutch. At an optimum incubation temperature of 31–32 °C (88–90 °F), the eggs take an average of 88 days to hatch.Hatchlings are at least 2 feet (61 cm) in length.[7]

তথ্যসুত্ৰ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. "Python reticulatus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=209567। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 12 September 2007. 
  4. Fredriksson, G. M. (2005). "Predation on Sun Bears by Reticulated Python in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology খণ্ড 53 (1): 165–168. http://dare.uva.nl/document/161117. 
  5. Shine, R., Harlow, P. S., & Keogh, J. S. (1998). The influence of sex and body size on food habits of a giant tropical snake, Python reticulatus. Functional Ecology, 12(2), 248-258.
  6. Auliya, M.; Mausfeld, P.; Schmitz, A.; Böhme, W. (2002-04-09). "Review of the reticulated python (Python reticulatus Schneider, 1801) with the description of new subspecies from Indonesia". Naturwissenschaften খণ্ড 89 (5): 201–213. doi:10.1007/s00114-002-0320-4. http://www.springerlink.com/content/bv8nny7e8k8lv8nv/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2012-04-08. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Stidworthy J. 1974. Snakes of the World. Grosset & Dunlap Inc. 160 pp. ISBN 0-448-11856-4.
  8. Shine R, Harlow PS, Keogh JS, Boeadi NI. (1998). The influence of sex and body size on food habits of a giant tropical snake, Python reticulatus. Functional Ecology 12:248–258.
  9. Fredriksson, Gabriella M. (2005). "Predation on Sun Bears by Reticulated Python in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology খণ্ড 53 (1): 165–168. http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/53/53rbz165-168.pdf. 

লগতে চাওক[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  • Auliya, M.A. (2003): Taxonomy, Life History and Conservation of Giant Reptiles in West Kalimantan. Ph.D. thesis, University of Bonn.
  • Auliya, M.A.; Mausfeld, P.; Schmitz, A. & Böhme, W. (2002): Review of the reticulated python (Python reticulatus Schneider, 1801 [sic]) with the description of new subspecies from Indonesia. Naturwissenschaften 89(5): 201–213. doi:10.1007/s00114-002-0320-4 (HTML abstract, electronic supplement available to subscribers)
  • Raven, H.C. (1946): Adventures in python country. Natural History 55: 38–41.
  • Schneider, J.G. 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae Fasciculus Secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas, Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues, Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommann. Jena. vi + 364 pp. + 2 plates. ("[Boa] Reticulata", pp. 264-266.)
  • Shine R, Ambariyanto, Harlow PS, Mumpuni. Reticulated pythons in Sumatra: biology, harvesting and sustainability. Biol. conserv. ISSN 0006-3207. Abstract at CAT.INIST. Accessed 12 September 2007.

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]