সদস্য:Psneog/বিদ্যায়তনিক বিভাগবোৰৰ তালিকা

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বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় বা মহাবিদ্যালয় পৰ্য্যায়ত শিক্ষাদান বা গৱেষণা কৰা কোনো বিষয়কে বিদ্যায়তনিক বিভাগ বোলা হয়। এনে বিভাগবোৰ সাধাৰণতে এনে বিষয়ক শৈক্ষিক গৱেষণাপত্ৰসমূহ আৰু সুধীসমাজ তথা সংশ্লীষ্ট শৈক্ষিক সংস্থাবোৰৰ দ্বাৰা প্ৰণীত।

Fields of study usually have several sub-disciplines or branches, and the distinguishing lines between these are often both arbitrary and ambiguous.[1]

Overview[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

The University of Paris in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts.[2] Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid- to late-19th century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

In the early 20th century, new disciplines such as education and psychology were added. In the 1970s and 1980s, there was an explosion of new disciplines focusing on specific themes, such as media studies, women's studies, and black studies. Many disciplines designed as preparation for careers and professions, such as nursing, hospitality management, and corrections, also emerged in the universities. Finally, interdisciplinary scientific fields such as biochemistry and geophysics gained prominence as their contribution to knowledge became widely recognized.

There is no consensus on how some academic disciplines should be classified, e.g., whether anthropology and linguistics are social sciences disciplines or humanities disciplines. More generally, the proper criteria for organizing knowledge into disciplines are also open to debate.

An asterisk (*) denotes a field whose academic status has been debated among this article's editors.

Humanities[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

History[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Languages and linguistics[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Literature[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Performing arts[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Philosophy[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Religion[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Visual arts[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Social sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Anthropology[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Archaeology[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Area studies[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Cultural and ethnic studies[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Economics[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Gender and sexuality studies[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Geography[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Political science[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Psychology[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Sociology[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Natural sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Space sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Outline of astronomy

Earth sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of earth sciences

Life sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of life sciences

Chemistry[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of chemistry

Physics[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of physics

Formal sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Computer sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of computer science and ACM Computing Classification System

Logic[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Mathematics[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of mathematics and AMS Mathematics Subject Classification

Statistics[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Systems science[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Professions and Applied sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Agriculture[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Architecture and design[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Business[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Divinity[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Education[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Engineering[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of engineering

Environmental studies and Forestry[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Family and consumer science[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Health sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also Branches of medicine

Human physical performance and recreation*[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Journalism, media studies and communication[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Law[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Library and museum studies[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Military sciences[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Public administration[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Social work[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Transportation[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

See also[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Notes[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. Andrew Abbott, Chaos of Disciplines University Of Chicago Press 2001 ISBN 0-226-00101-6
  2. History of Education, Encyclopædia Britannica (1977, 15th edition), Macropaedia Volume 6, p. 337

References[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

External links[সম্পাদনা কৰক]