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Top languages by population[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Top languages by population per Nationalencyklopedin
Rank Language Native
speakers
in millions
2007 (2010)
Percentage
of world
population
(2007)
1 Mandarin (entire branch) 935 (955) 14.1%
2 Spanish 390 (405) 5.85%
3 English 365 (360) 5.52%
4 Hindi[lower-alpha 1] 295 (310) 4.46%
5 Arabic 280 (295) 4.23%
6 Portuguese 205 (215) 3.08%
7 Bengali (Bangla) 200 (205) 3.05%
8 Russian 160 (155) 2.42%
9 Japanese 125 (125) 1.92%
10 Punjabi 95 (100) 1.44%
11 German 92 (95) 1.39%
12 Javanese 82 1.25%
13 Wu (inc. Shanghainese) 80 1.20%
14 Malay (inc. Indonesian and Malaysian) 77 1.16%
15 Telugu 76 1.15%
16 Vietnamese 76 1.14%
17 Korean 76 1.14%
18 French 75 1.12%
19 Marathi 73 1.10%
20 Tamil 70 1.06%
21 Urdu 66 0.99%
22 Turkish 63 0.95%
23 Italian 59 0.90%
24 Yue (inc. Cantonese) 59 0.89%
25 Thai 56 0.85%
26 Gujarati 49 0.74%
27 Jin 48 0.72%
28 Southern Min (inc. Hokkien and Teochew) 47 0.71%
29 Persian 45 0.68%
30 Polish 40 0.61%
31 Pashto 39 0.58%
32 Kannada 38 0.58%
33 Xiang 38 0.58%
34 Malayalam 38 0.57%
35 Sundanese 38 0.57%
36 Hausa 34 0.52%
37 Odia (Oriya) 33 0.50%
38 Burmese 33 0.50%
39 Hakka 31 0.46%
40 Ukrainian 30 0.46%
41 Bhojpuri 29[lower-alpha 2] 0.43%
42 Tagalog (Filipino) 28 0.42%
43 Yoruba 28 0.42%
44 Maithili 27[lower-alpha 2] 0.41%
45 Uzbek 26 0.39%
46 Sindhi 26 0.39%
47 Amharic 25 0.37%
48 Fula 24 0.37%
49 Romanian 24 0.37%
50 Oromo 24 0.36%
51 Igbo 24 0.36%
52 Azerbaijani 23 0.34%
53 Awadhi 22[lower-alpha 2] 0.33%
54 Gan 22 0.33%
55 Cebuano (Visayan) 21 0.32%
56 Dutch 21 0.32%
57 Kurdish 21 0.31%
58 Serbo-Croatian 19 0.28%
59 Malagasy 18 0.28%
60 Saraiki 17[lower-alpha 3] 0.26%
61 Nepali 17 0.25%
62 Sinhalese 16 0.25%
63 Chittagonian 16 0.24%
64 Zhuang 16 0.24%
65 Khmer 16 0.24%
66 Turkmen 16 0.24%
67 Assamese 15 0.23%
68 Madurese 15 0.23%
69 Somali 15 0.22%
70 Marwari 14[lower-alpha 2] 0.21%
71 Magahi 14[lower-alpha 2] 0.21%
72 Haryanvi 14[lower-alpha 2] 0.21%
73 Hungarian 13 0.19%
74 Chhattisgarhi 12[lower-alpha 2] 0.19%
75 Greek 12 0.18%
76 Chewa 12 0.17%
77 Deccan 11 0.17%
78 Akan 11 0.17%
79 Kazakh 11 0.17%
80 Northern Minসাঁচ:Disputed inline 10.9 0.16%
81 Sylheti 10.7 0.16%
82 Zulu 10.4 0.16%
83 Czech 10.0 0.15%
84 Kinyarwanda 9.8 0.15%
85 Dhundhari 9.6[lower-alpha 2] 0.15%
86 Haitian Creole 9.6 0.15%
87 Eastern Min (inc. Fuzhou dialect) 9.5 0.14%
88 Ilocano 9.1 0.14%
89 Quechua 8.9 0.13%
90 Kirundi 8.8 0.13%
91 Swedish 8.7 0.13%
92 Hmong 8.4 0.13%
93 Shona 8.3 0.13%
94 Uyghur 8.2 0.12%
95 Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (Visayan) 8.2 0.12%
96 Mossi 7.6 0.11%
97 Xhosa 7.6 0.11%
98 Belarusian 7.6[lower-alpha 4] 0.11%
99 Balochi 7.6 0.11%
100 Konkani 7.4 0.11%
Total 5,610 85%

Languages by total number of speakers[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

Rank Language Family Branch L1 speakers L1 Rank L2 speakers L2 Rank Total
1 English Indo-European Germanic 378.2 million 3 743.5 million 1 1.121 billion[2]
2 Mandarin Chinese (incl. Standard Chinese) Sino-Tibetan Sinitic 908.7 million 1 198.4 million 5 1.107 billion[3]
3 Hindi Indo-European Indo-Aryan 260.0 million 4 274.2 million 2 534.2 million[4]
4 Spanish Indo-European Romance 442.3 million 2 70.6 million 10 512.9 million[5]
5 French Indo-European Romance 76.7 million 14 208.1 million 4 284.9 million[6]
6 Modern Standard Arabic Afro-Asiatic Semitic 0 - 273.9 million 3 273.9 million[7]
7 Russian Indo-European Balto-Slavic 153.9 million 7 110.4 million 7 265.0 million[8]
8 Bengali Indo-European Indo-Aryan 242.6 million 5 19.2 million 14 261.8 million[9]
9 Portuguese Indo-European Romance 222.7 million 6 13.8 million 15 236.5 million[10]
10 Indonesian Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 23.1 million 26 175.3 million 6 198.4 million[11]
11 Urdu Indo-European Indo-Aryan 69.1 million 19 94.0 million 8 163.2 million[12]
12 German Indo-European Germanic 76.0 million 15 56.0 million 11 132.1 million[13]
13 Japanese Japonic 128.2 million 8 131,000 23 128.3 million[14]
14 Swahili Niger–Congo Bantu 16.0 million 28 82.3 million 9 98.3 million[15]
15 Western Punjabi (Lahnda) Indo-European Indo-Aryan 92.7 million 9 - - 92.7 million[16]
16 Javanese Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 84.3 million 10 - - 84.3 million[17]
17 Wu Chinese (incl. Shanghainese) Sino-Tibetan Sinitic 80.7 million 11 63,000 24 80.7 million[18]
18 Telugu Dravidian South-Central 74.7 million 16 5.0 million 17 79.7 million[19]
19 Turkish Turkic Oghuz 78.5 million 12 380,000 22 78.9 million[20]
20 Korean Koreanic 77.2 million 13 - - 77.2 million[21]
21 Marathi Indo-European Indo-Aryan 71.7 million 18 3.0 million 19 74.7 million[22]
22 Tamil Dravidian South 66.6 million 21 8.0 million 16 74.6 million[23]
23 Yue Chinese (incl. Cantonese) Sino-Tibetan Sinitic 73.3 million 17 402,000 20 73.7 million[24]
24 Vietnamese Austroasiatic Vietic 67.9 million 20 - - 67.9 million[25]
25 Italian Indo-European Romance 64.8 million 22 3.0 million 18 67.8 million[26]
26 Hausa Afro-Asiatic Chadic 43.6 million 25 19.5 million 13 63.1 million[27]
27 Thai Kra–Dai Zhuang–Tai 20.5 million 27 40.0 million 12 60.5 million[28]
28 Persian Indo-European Iranian 52.4 million 23 - - 52.4 million[29]
29 Southern Min (incl. Hokkien) Sino-Tibetan Sinitic 49.7 million 24 387,000 21 50.1 million[30]

তথ্য সংগ্ৰহ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. Refers to only Modern Standard Hindi here. The Census of India defines Hindi on a loose and broad basis. It does not include the entire Hindustani language, only the Hindi register of it. In addition to Standard Hindi, it incorporates a set of other Indo-Aryan languages written in Devanagari script including Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Haryanvi, Dhundhari etc. under Hindi group which have more than 422 million native speakers as of 2001.[1] However, the census also acknowledges Standard Hindi, the above mentioned languages and others as separate mother tongues of the Hindi language and provides individual figures for all these languages.[1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 This is only a fraction of total speakers; others are counted under "Hindi" as they regard their language a Hindi dialect.
  3. Numbers may also be counted in Punjabi above
  4. Only half this many use Belarusian as their home language.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2000, Census of India, 2001
  2. English at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  3. Chinese, Mandarin at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. Hindi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  5. Spanish at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  6. French at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  7. Arabic, Standard at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  8. Russian at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  9. Bengali at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  10. Portuguese at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  11. Indonesian at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  12. Urdu at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  13. German, Standard at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  14. Japanese at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  15. Swahili at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  16. Punjabi, Western at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  17. Javanese at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  18. Chinese, Wu at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  19. Telugu at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  20. Turkish at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  21. Korean at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  22. Marathi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  23. Tamil at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  24. Chinese, Yue at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  25. Vietnamese at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  26. Italian at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  27. Hausa at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  28. Thai at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  29. Persian, Iranian at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  30. Chinese, Min Nan at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)