ন'বেল বঁটা বিজয়ী (শান্তি)

অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়াৰ পৰা
(List of Nobel Peace Prize laureatesৰ পৰা পুনঃনিৰ্দেশিত)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ন'বেল বঁটা বছৰি প্ৰদান কৰা এটা অতি সন্মানীয় পুৰস্কাৰ। স্কাণ্ডিনেভিয়ান সমিতিয়ে এই বঁটা কলা আৰু বিজ্ঞানৰ কেইটামান শাখাত আগবঢ়োৱা অতি বিশেষ অৱদানৰ বাবে প্ৰদান কৰে। ডাইনামাইটৰ আৱিষ্কাৰক ছুইডেনৰ আলফ্ৰেড ন'বেল-ৰ ইচ্ছাপত্ৰ অনুসৰি ১৮৯৫ চনত এই বঁটা স্থাপন কৰা হয়। ১৯০১ চনত প্ৰথমে এই বঁটা প্ৰদান কৰা হৈছিল। শান্তিৰ বাবে ন'বেল লাভ কৰা ব্যক্তিৰ তালিকা ইয়াত ৰখা হৈছে।

বৰ্ষ বিজেতা দেশ অৱদান
1901 Jean Henri Dunant.jpg Henry Dunant  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড For his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross[1][2]
Frederic Passy.jpg Frédéric Passy France "[For] being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress"[1][2]
1902 Ducommun.jpg Élie Ducommun  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "[For his role as] the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau"[1][3]
Charles Albert Gobat2.jpg Charles Albert Gobat "[For his role as the] first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[1][3]
1903 Cremer.jpg William Randal Cremer  যুক্তৰাজ্য "[For his role as] the 'first father' of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[1][4]
1904 Logo of Institut de Droit International.svg Institute of International Law  বেলজিয়াম "[F]or its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law"[1][5]
1905 Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg Bertha von Suttner  হাংগেৰী
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data Austrian Empire Austrian Empire)
For writing Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize[1][6]
1906 President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg Theodore Roosevelt  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[For] his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[1][7]
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.jpg Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italy
(জন্ম Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia)
"[For his work as a] key leader of the Italian peace movement"[1][8]
Louis Renault jurist.gif Louis Renault France "[For his work as a] leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague"[1][8]
1908 KParnoldson.jpg Klas Pontus Arnoldson  ছুইডেন "[For his work as] founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"[1][9]
Fredrik Bajer nobel.jpg Fredrik Bajer  ডেনমাৰ্ক "[For being] the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau"[1][9]
1909 Beernaert.gif Auguste Beernaert  বেলজিয়াম
(জন্ম The United Kingdom of the Netherlands)
"[For being a] representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[1][10]
PaulBalluet.gif Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant France "[For] combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration"[1][10]
1910 IPB logo.svg Permanent International Peace Bureau  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "[For acting] as a link between the peace societies of the various countries"[11][12]
1911 TMCasser.jpg Tobias Asser  নেডাৰলেণ্ডচ "[For being a] member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law"[1][13]
Alfred Hermann Fried nobel.jpg Alfred Fried  হাংগেৰী
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data Austrian Empire Austrian Empire)
"[For his work as] founder of the German Peace Society"[1][13]
1912 Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg Elihu Root[A]  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[F]or his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court"[1][14]
1913 HenriLaFontaine.jpg Henri La Fontaine  বেলজিয়াম "[For his work as] head of the International Peace Bureau"[1][15]
1914 Not awarded due to World War I.
1915
1916
1917 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "[For undertaking] the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides [of World War I], including their right to establish contacts with their families"[1][16]
1918 Not awarded due to World War I.
1919 President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg Woodrow Wilson[A]  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[F]or his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations"[1][17]
1920 Léon Bourgeois.jpg Léon Bourgeois France "[For his participation] in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907" and for his work towards "what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father'"[1][18]
1921 Hjalmar branting stor bild.jpg Hjalmar Branting  ছুইডেন "[F]or his work in the League of Nations"[1][19]
Christian Lous Lange.jpg Christian Lange  নৰৱে "[For his work as] the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[1][19]
1922 Fridtjof Nansen LOC 03377u-3.jpg Fridtjof Nansen  নৰৱে "[For] his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine" and "his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace"[20][21]
1923 Not awarded
1924
1925 Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg Sir Austen Chamberlain[A]  যুক্তৰাজ্য For work on the Locarno Treaties[1][22]
Charles Dawes, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg Charles G. Dawes[A]  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[F]or [work on] the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925"[1][22]
1926 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand France For work on the Locarno Treaties[1][23]
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg Gustav Stresemann Germany
1927 Ferdinand Buisson 1924.jpg Ferdinand Buisson France "[For] contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation"[1][24]
Ludwig Quidde nobel.jpg Ludwig Quidde Germany
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data Bremen Free City of Bremen)
1928 Not awarded
1929 FrankKellogg.jpg Frank B. Kellogg[A]  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[F]or the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy"[1][25]
1930 Nathan Söderblom nobel.jpg Nathan Söderblom  ছুইডেন "[F]or his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace"[1][26]
1931 Jane Addams profile.jpg Jane Addams  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[F]or her social reform work" and "leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[1][27]
Nicholas Murray Butler ppmsca.03668.jpg Nicholas Murray Butler "[For his promotion] of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement"[1][27]
1932 Not awarded
1933 Norman Angell 01.jpg Sir Norman Angell[A]  যুক্তৰাজ্য For authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist [and] educator for peace in general"[28]
1934 1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg Arthur Henderson  যুক্তৰাজ্য "[F]or his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament"[1][29][30]
1935 Carl von Ossietzky.jpg Carl von Ossietzky[A][B]  জাৰ্মানী "[For his] struggle against Germany's rearmament"[1][31]
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg Carlos Saavedra Lamas  আৰ্জেণ্টিনা "[F]or his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia"[1][32]
1937 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood  যুক্তৰাজ্য For his work with the League of Nations[1][33]
1938 Flag of the League of Nations (1939).svg Nansen International Office for Refugees  জাতিসংঘ For its work in aiding refugees[34]
1939 Not awarded due to World War II.
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross[A]  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "[F]or the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity"[35][36]
1945 Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg Cordell Hull  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "[For] his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization"[37]
1946 EmilyGreeneBalch.jpg Emily Greene Balch  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[38]
John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg John Raleigh Mott "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[38]
1947 Quaker star-T.svg The Quakers (represented by Friends Service Council and American Friends Service Committee)[39][40] "compassion for others and the desire to help them"[39]
1948 Not awarded because "there was no suitable living candidate." (A tribute to the recently assassinated Gandhi in India.)[41]
1949 John Boyd Orr nobel.jpg The Lord Boyd-Orr  যুক্তৰাজ্য "Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agriculture Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations"[42]
1950 Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg Ralph Bunche  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948"[43]
1951 Léon Jouhaux nobel.jpg Léon Jouhaux France "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations"[44]
1952 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-D0116-0041-019, Albert Schweitzer.jpg Albert Schweitzer[A] France
(জন্ম  Germany)
"[For his propagation for] the reverence for life, … the very foundations of a lasting peace between individuals, nations, and races."[45]
1953 General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG George C. Marshall  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of [the] 'Marshall Plan'"[46]
1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees[A]  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[47]
1955 Not awarded
1956
1957 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester Bowles Pearson  কানাডা "former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly";[48] "for his role in helping to end the Suez conflict and trying to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."[1]
1958 Georges Pire 1958.jpg Dominique Pire  বেলজিয়াম "Father in the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde""[49]
1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1942.jpg Philip Noel-Baker  যুক্তৰাজ্য "Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"[50]
1960 Albert Lutuli nobel.jpg Albert Lutuli[A]  দক্ষিণ আফ্ৰিকা
(জন্ম Flag of BSAC edit.svg Southern Rhodesia)
"President of the African National Congress,"[51] "was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa."[1]
1961 Dag Hammarskjöld.jpg Dag Hammarskjöld[C]  ছুইডেন "Secretary General of the U.N.,"[52] awarded "for strengthening the organization."[1]
1962 Linus Pauling 1962.jpg Linus Pauling[A]  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"[53]
1963 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড For their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence.[54]
Emblem of the IFRC.svg League of Red Cross Societies
1964 Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg Martin Luther King, Jr.  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ Campaigner for civil rights, "first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence." King spent his time working in various areas of the civil rights movement; from equal education to economic disenfranchisement of minorities. King also organized the March on Washington, where he gave his famous “I Have a Dream Speech”.[55]
1965 UNICEF Logo.svg United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "An international aid organization."[56]
1966 Not awarded
1967
1968 René Cassin nobel.jpg René Cassin  ফ্ৰান্স "President of the European Court for Human Rights"[57]
1969 Flag of ILO.svg International Labour Organization  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ [58]
1970 Norman Borlaug (cropped).jpg Norman E. Borlaug  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[59] "for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[1]
1971 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg Willy Brandt  পশ্চিম জাৰ্মানী
(জন্ম Germany)
"Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany's Ostpolitik"[60]
1972 Not awarded
1973 Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry Kissinger  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ
(জন্ম Germany)
"For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"[1][61]
LeDucTho1973.jpg Lê Đức Thọ[D]  উত্তৰ ভিয়েটনাম
(জন্ম French Indochina)
1974 Seán MacBride 1984.jpg Seán MacBride  আয়াৰলেণ্ড
(জন্ম France)
"President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia."[62] "For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[1]
Satō Eisaku.jpg Eisaku Satō  জাপান "Prime Minister of Japan,"[62] "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"[1]
1975 RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg Andrei Sakharov[E]  ছ'ভিয়েট সংঘ
(জন্ম Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic)
"[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"[63]
1976 Betty Williams.jpg Betty Williams  যুক্তৰাজ্য "Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"[64]
Mairead Corrigan Gaza crop.jpg Mairead Corrigan
1977 Amnesty International  যুক্তৰাজ্য "[for] protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience"[1][65]
1978 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat  ইজিপ্ত
(জন্ম Sultanate of Egypt)
"for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"[66]
Menachem Begin 2.jpg Menachem Begin  ইজৰাইল
 পোলেণ্ড
(জন্ম Russia)
1979 MotherTeresa 090.jpg মাদাৰ টেৰেছা  ভাৰত
(জন্ম The Ottoman Empire)
"Founder of Missionaries of Charity"
"In recognition of [her] work in bringing help to suffering humanity"[67]
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  আৰ্জেণ্টিনা "Human rights leader;"[68] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)."[1]
1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[69]
1982 ARB-Alva-Myrdal.jpg Alva Myrdal  ছুইডেন "[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[70][71]
Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg Alfonso García Robles  মেক্সিকো
1983 Lech Walesa OAF Visit.jpg Lech Wałęsa Poland
(জন্ম নাজী জাৰ্মানী German Occupied Poland)
"Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[72]
1984 Desmond tutu 20070607 2.jpg Desmond Tutu  দক্ষিণ আফ্ৰিকা "... as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa. ... Through the award of this year's Peace Prize, the Committee wishes to direct attention to the non-violent struggle for liberation to which Desmond Tutu belongs, a struggle in which black and white South Africans unite to bring their country out of conflict and crisis."[73]
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ For "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues."[74]
1986 Elie Wiesel.jpg Elie Wiesel  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ
(জন্ম Romania)
"Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[75]
1987 OscarArias.jpg Óscar Arias  কষ্টা ৰিকা "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[76]
1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Logo.svg United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"[77][78]
1989 Dalai Lama at WhiteHouse (cropped).jpg টেনজিং গিয়াত্‍ ছো,
চতুৰ্দশ দালাই লামা
 ভাৰত
(জন্ম Tibet)[79]
"In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."[80][81]
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1987.jpg Mikhail Gorbachev  ছ'ভিয়েট সংঘ General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and President of the Soviet Union, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"[82]
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi.jpg Aung San Suu Kyi[F]  বাৰ্মা
(জন্ম British Burma)
"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[83]
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG Rigoberta Menchú  গুৱেটমালা "for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[84]
1993 Nelson Mandela-2008.jpg নেলছন মেণ্ডেলা  দক্ষিণ আফ্ৰিকা "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[85]
Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg Frederik Willem de Klerk
1994 ArafatEconomicForum.jpg Yasser Arafat  পেলেষ্টাইন
(জন্ম Egypt)
"to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."[86]
Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg Yitzhak Rabin  ইজৰাইল
(জন্ম  পেলেষ্টাইন)
Shimon Peres World Economic Forum 2007.jpg Shimon Peres  ইজৰাইল
(জন্ম Poland)
1995 Josef Rotblat ID badge.png Joseph Rotblat  পোলেণ্ড
(জন্ম Russian Empire)
"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[87]
Peace sign.svg Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs  কানাডা
1996 Carlosbelo.jpg Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo  টিমুৰ লেষ্টে
(জন্ম Portuguese Timor)
"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[88]
EastTimor.JoseRamosHorta.01.jpg José Ramos-Horta  টিমুৰ লেষ্টে
(জন্ম Portuguese Timor)
1997 Icbl english.pdf International Campaign to Ban Landmines  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[89]
JodyWilliamsMay2010.jpg Jody Williams  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ
1998 John Hume 2008.jpg John Hume  আয়াৰলেণ্ড
(জন্ম Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)
"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[90]
David Trimble.jpg David Trimble  যুক্তৰাজ্য
1999 Médecins Sans Frontières  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"[91]
2000 Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Kim Dae-jung  দক্ষিণ কোৰিয়া
(জন্ম Japanese Korea)
"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[92]
2001 Emblem of the United Nations.svg ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[93]
Kofi Annan4 2007 04 20.jpg Kofi Annan  ঘানা
(জন্ম Gold Coast)
2002 US Navy 050811-N-0653J-006 Former President Jimmy Carter looks over the navigation table in the control room of his namesake ship, the Sea Wolf-class attack submarine USS Jimmy Carter (SSN 23).jpg Jimmy Carter  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[94]
2003 Shirin Ebadi - Fronteiras do Pensamento São Paulo 2011 (5839607998, cropped).jpg Shirin Ebadi  ইৰান "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."[95]
2004 Wangari Maathai in Nairobi.jpg Wangari Muta Maathai  কেনিয়া
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data British East Africa British Kenya)
"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[96]
2005 Flag of IAEA.svg International Atomic Energy Agency  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"[97]
Mohamed ElBaradei.jpg Mohamed ElBaradei  ইজিপ্ত
2006 Professor Muhammad Yunus- Building Social Business Summit (8758300102).jpg মুহাম্মদ ইউনুছ  বাংলাদেশ
(জন্ম British India)
"for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"[98]
Grameen Bank  বাংলাদেশ
2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Logo.svg Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[99]
Al Gore.jpg Al Gore  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ
2008 Martti Ahtisaari.jpg Martti Ahtisaari  ফিনলেণ্ড "for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[100]
2009 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg বাৰাক অ'বামা  আমেৰিকা যুক্তৰাষ্ট্ৰ "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"[101]
2010 Liu Xiaobo.png Liu Xiaobo  চীন "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"[102]
2011 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  লাইবেৰিয়া "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[103]
Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg Leymah Gbowee
Tawakkul Karman (2011).jpg Tawakkul Karman  য়েমেন
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data Yemen Arab Republic Yemen Arab Republic)
2012 Flag of Europe.svg ইউৰোপিয়ান ইউনিয়ন  ইউৰোপিয়ান ইউনিয়ন "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe."[104]
2013 HQ of OPCW in The Hague.jpg Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons  নেডাৰলেণ্ডচ[105] "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons."[106]
2014 Kailash Satyarthi.jpg কৈলাস সত্যাৰ্থী  ভাৰত "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"[107]
Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg মালালা ইউছুফজাই  পাকিস্তান
2015 Tunisian national dialogue (October 2012).jpg Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet  তুনিছিয়া "for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"[108]
2016 Juan Manuel Santos in 2018.jpg সুআন মানুৱেল ছাণ্ট'ছ কাল্ডে'ৰ'ন  কলম্বিয়া "for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people"[109]
2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons  ছুইজাৰলেণ্ড "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons".[110]
2018 Denis Mukwege par Claude Truong-Ngoc novembre 2014.jpg ডেনিছ মুকৱেগে  কংগো গণৰাজ্য
(জন্ম সাঁচ:Country data Belgian Congo Belgian Congo)
"for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"[111]
Nadia Murad in Washington - 2018 (42733243785) (cropped).jpg নাদিয়া মুৰাদ  ইৰাক
2019 Abiy Ahmed 2019.jpg আবি আহমেদ আলি  ইথিঅ'পিয়া "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea"[112]
2020 World Food Programme Logo Simple.svg বিশ্ব খাদ্য কাৰ্যসূচী  ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ "for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict."[113]

তথ্য সংগ্ৰহ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 Lundestad, Geir (2001-03-15). "The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–2000". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/articles/lundestad-review/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1901/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1902". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1902/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  4. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1903". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1903/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  5. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1904". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1904/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  6. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1905". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1905/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  7. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1906". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1906/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1907". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1907/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1908". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1908/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1909". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1909/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  11. "Award Ceremony Speech (1910)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1910/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  12. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1910". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1910/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1911". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1911/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  14. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1912". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1912/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  15. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1913". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1913/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  16. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1917". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1917/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  17. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1919". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1919/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  18. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1920". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1921". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1921/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  20. Stang, Fredrik. "Award Ceremony Speech (1922)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-10. 
  21. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1922". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1925". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1925/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  23. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1926". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1926/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  24. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1927". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1927/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  25. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1929". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1929/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  26. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1930". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1930/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  27. 27.0 27.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1931". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  28. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1933". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1933/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  29. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1934". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1934/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  30. "BBC News: Nobel Peace Prize medal stolen in Newcastle 3 April 2013, accessed 3 April 2013". https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-tyne-22008819. 
  31. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1935". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1935/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  32. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1936". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1936/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  33. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1937". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1937/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  34. Stang, Fredrik. "Award Ceremony Speech (1938)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1938/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  35. Jahn, Gunnar. "Award Ceremony Speech (1944)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1944/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  36. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1944". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1944/summary/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2019-06-21. 
  37. Jahn, Gunnar. "Award Ceremony Speech (1945)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1945/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  38. 38.0 38.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1946". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1946/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  39. 39.0 39.1 Jahn, Gunnar. "Award Ceremony Speech (1947)". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1947/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  40. Abrams, Irwin (1991). "The Quaker Peace Testimony and the Nobel Peace Prize". http://quaker.org/legacy/minnfm/peace/nobel_peace_prize.htm. 
  41. Tønnesson, Øyvind (1999-12-01). "Controversies Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/themes/mahatma-gandhi-the-missing-laureate। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-06. 
  42. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1949". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1949/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  43. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1950". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1950/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  44. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1951". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1951/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  45. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1952". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1952/ceremony-speech/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2020-01-06. 
  46. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1953". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1953/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  47. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1954". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1954/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  48. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1957". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1957/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  49. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1958". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1958/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  50. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1959". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1959/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  51. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1960". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1960/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  52. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1961". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1961/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  53. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1962". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1962/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  54. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1963". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1963/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  55. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1964". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  56. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1965". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1965/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  57. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1968". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1968/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  58. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1969". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1969/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  59. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1970". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1970/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  60. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1971". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1971/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  61. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1973". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  62. 62.0 62.1 "The Nobel Peace Prize 1974". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1974/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  63. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1975". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  64. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1976". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  65. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1977". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  66. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1978". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  67. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1979". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2014-10-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20141016093455/http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  68. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1980". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1980/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  69. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1981". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1981/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  70. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  71. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982–Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-12-03. 
  72. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1983". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1983/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  73. "The Nobel Peace Prize for 1984". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2018-05-11. 
  74. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1985". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1985/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  75. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1986". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1986/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  76. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1987". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1987/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  77. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  78. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1988-09-29. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-28. 
  79. "Questions and answers on the Nobel Peace Prize - NobelPrize.org". https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/lama-facts.html. 
  80. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-12. 
  81. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1989-10-05. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-11-28. 
  82. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1990". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1990/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  83. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1991". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  84. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1992". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1992/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  85. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1993". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2014-10-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20141016094235/http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  86. "Press Release- The Nobel Peace Prize 1994". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  87. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1995/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  88. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1996". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1996/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  89. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1997". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  90. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1998". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  91. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1999". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1999/summary/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2018-08-21. 
  92. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2000". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2000/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  93. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2001". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  94. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2002". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2002/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  95. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2003". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  96. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2004". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2004/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  97. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2005". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  98. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2006". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  99. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2007". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2007/index.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-20. 
  100. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2008". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2008/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2008-10-10. 
  101. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2009". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2009/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2009-10-09. 
  102. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2010". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2011-12-02. https://www.webcitation.org/63cbrTycS?url=http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2010/press.html. 
  103. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2011". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2011-10-07. 
  104. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2012". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2012/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 12 October 2012. 
  105. "Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Facts". https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2013/opcw/facts/. 
  106. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2013". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20131011152336/http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2013/press.pdf। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2013-10-11. 
  107. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2014". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2014/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2014-10-10. 
  108. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2015". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2015/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2015-10-09. 
  109. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2016". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2016/press.html। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2016-10-07. 
  110. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2017 - Press Release". https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2017/press.html. 
  111. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2018 - Press Release". https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2018/press-release/. 
  112. "Abiy Ahmed Ali. Facts". The Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2019/abiy/facts/। আহৰণ কৰা হৈছে: 2019-10-19. 
  113. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2020" (en-US ভাষাত). https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2020/summary/. 

বাহ্যিক সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা কৰক]